Ethics and Science

Topics: Stem cell, Embryonic stem cell, Stem cells Pages: 3 (1033 words) Published: September 23, 2013
Science and Ethics

When preparing to conduct a scientific experiment or research project, ethics must always be taken into consideration. Any scientist should always strive to conduct ethical experiments and should not move forward with an experiment if there are any ethical concerns. A study can be deemed ethical if the expected cost is less than the supposed benefits. To determine if the benefits outweigh the cost, the researcher must contemplate human and animal discomfort/risks, environmental issues and economic factors. No experiment should be conducted if it cannot be defended against charges of being unethical. Stem cells have the potential to help us understand several human diseases as well as provide treatment for these conditions. That’s due in part to the unique way stem cells operate in comparison to other types of cells. Stem cells are capable of dividing and regenerating for extended periods of time, unlike most other types of cells, and are also unspecialized, which means they don't have a distinctive function. What makes these cells so essential to resolving many incurable ailments, severe physical traumas, degenerative conditions, and genetic diseases is that they can be trained to become specialized in any organ or body part necessary. The controversy surrounding stem cell research was due in part to the research method used prior to 2007, which concentrated on Embryonic Stem Cells. This method involved obtaining tissue from aborted embryos to get the appropriate matter to examine. The question of ethics surrounding stem cells was based largely on the morality concern regarding the creating and destroying of human embryos, which many consider genuine human life. Embryonic stems cells are derived from blastocysts, which are embryos that are less than a week old. Embryos used in the research are commonly supplied by clinics that perform in vitro fertility and have been rejected for implantation into a womb. The use of embryonic stem cells...
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