Jose L. Sanchez Ortiz
Question number 9, chapter 6, Page 106: What kinds of actions can ethical egoism require that most people would consider morally right? Do you find these results surprising? According to the book page 100, “Ethical Egoism: The morally right act, for any particular situation, is the act that will produce the greatest amount of utility (or the least amount of disutility) for oneself.” Ethical egoism is the acts to self promote above all others. Also if one cannot fulfill this act then to try to “limit our losses”. (Page 100). Ethical egoism can be broadly divided into three categories: individual, personal, and universal. An individual ethical egoist would hold that all people should do whatever benefits "my" (the individual) self-interest; a personal ethical egoist would hold that he or she should act in his or herself-interest, but would make no claims about what anyone else ought to do; a universal ethical egoist would argue that everyone should act in ways that are in their self-interest (1). In spite of the above, I personally don’t find these results surprising given the fact that people as they develop, can be self-centered. I agree with the book in that egoism can sometimes require of us to do some good and sacrifices as long as it benefit oneself. Egoism can become so self-centered that in its way can harm others. This is a characteristic of everyday life events, examples: drug violence, jealousy, etc. Psychological egoism is the thesis that we are always deep down motivated by what we perceive to be in our own self-interest. Psychological altruism, in the other hand, is the view that sometimes we can have ultimately altruistic motives. Suppose, for example, that Pam saves Jim from a burning office building. What ultimately motivated her to do this? It would be odd to suggest that it’s ultimately her own benefit that Pam is seeking. After all, she’s risking her own life in the process. But the psychological egoist...
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