Sexual harassment often has a serious and negative impact on women's physical and emotional health. Sexual harassment can be happening anywhere, for example in the workforce, in schools and universities, doctor's offices healing mental health clinics and etc. Sexual harassment is often found between boss and employee, between employees and it is also can be women sexually harassing men or the harasser and victim can be the same sex.
Sexual harassment has psychological and emotional effects on the sufferer.
Anxiety, frustration, depression, sleeplessness and/or nightmares, difficulty concentrating, headaches, fatigue, shame and or guilt, feeling powerless, helpless or out of control, feeling angry towards the harasser, loss of confidence and self-esteem, withdrawal and isolation, suicidal thoughts or attempts
Retaliation from the harasser, or colleagues/friends of the harasser, should the victim complain or file a grievance (retaliation can involve revenge along with more sexual harassment, and can involve stalking the complainant)
Having to drop courses, or change academic plans; it may impact grade performance
Increased absenteeism to avoid harassment, or because of illness from the stress
Having one’s personal life held up for public scrutiny – the victim becomes the “accused,” and their dress, lifestyle, and private life will often come under attack. (Note: this rarely occurs for the perpetrator.)
Being objectified and humiliated by scrutiny and gossip
Becoming publicly sexualized
Defamation of character and reputation
Stress impacting relationships with significant others, sometimes resulting in the demise of the relationship; equally, stress on peer relationships and relationships with colleagues
Impact on references/recommendations
Loss of career
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Survivors of sexual assault may experience severe feelings of anxiety, stress or fear, known as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder