Jennifer D. Williams
HLT-520 Legal & Ethical Principles in Healthcare
Dr. Damien Brandeis
April 13, 2011
Bioethics Interview 2 Individuals find themselves having to make important decisions every day. Unfortunately situations may occur that prevents a person from being able to make a decision about their medical care. The decision can be a legal or ethical one. In the medical arena someone has to make this tough decision. The decision what to do would be easy if everyone put in place an advance directive or living will. Hospitals and other healthcare organizations had to come up with ways to deal with ethical issues revolving around impaired or incompetent physicians, end-of-life issues, ethics and economics, and abuse and ethical issues. The quality assurance process including risk management, and the establishment of a Bioethics Committee for the facility are ways hospitals and medical organizations address ethical issues and situations. An advance directive allows the patient to state in advance the kinds of medical care that he or she considers acceptable or not acceptable. In the advance directive the patient can appoint an agent to make the decisions on his or her behalf (Pozgar, 2007, p. 374). A living will according to Pozgar, (2007), p. is the instrument or legal documents that describes those treatments an individual wishes or does not wish to receive should he or she become incapacitated and unable to make medical decisions. When the wish of the patient has not been documented quality assurance and the Bioethics Committee steps in. Quality Assurance involves the processes and personnel involved in providing care, the appropriateness of the care, the quality of the care, and the outcomes for the patient. The ethical involvement of quality assurance involves the consideration of patient’s rights and values, the choices that are made, and the treatment plan.
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