Ethical Dilemmas: a Phletora of Topics

Topics: Pregnancy, Abortion, Animal rights Pages: 6 (1759 words) Published: June 23, 2013
Should Animal Testing be banned?

Animal testing, as the name suggests, is the usage of animals for experimentation – mostly for scientific research and product testing. Whilst the context of the presentation that we have attended only defines animal testing to be within the boundaries of eye, skin and toxicity experimentations, I would like to remind you that the true depth of animal testing extends also to more severe medicinal research such as cancer and other terminal diseases. As such, there is the constant ethical dilemma to determine if the negative impacts of cruelty to animals arising from such tests outweigh the potential benefits that we reap from scientific breakthroughs and cures.

My stand on animal testing has remained clear from the start – Animal testing is, and should, continued to be practiced as it produces more good than bad. Let me explain my perspective based on a few key points. First would be the virtue of our individualistic stand on speciesism. In the chain of priority, humanity would obviously hold more importance as compared to other animals. Whilst this does not automatically confer upon us the right to slaughter countless mice for research, it does give us the reason to consider that we should tend to our own wellbeing first and foremost.

Secondly, may I suggest the idea that animal-testing contribute as a common good to both humans and animals as well? Think about when a research is performed on mice, with the primary focus in finding a cure for cancer. Should such a cure be found, we can sing high praise and salvation unto the human race, yes. But think a level deeper – wouldn’t we have saved the entire mice populace from cancer as well? This further proves the driving need for animal testing as a necessity, as it offers mutual benefits for both the experimenters and the experimented.

Lastly, on a utilitarian viewpoint, animal testing is evidently causing an ultimately positive impact. Clearly, the advantage of animal testing substantially outweighs that of its harmful counterpart. By sacrificing the minority percentage of mice populace, humans and animals alike can procure a brighter future in medicine, healthcare and also a multitude of enhanced services and products. Therefore, the principle of utilitarianism builds strongly on my establishment that animal testing is indeed a right thing to do.

However, not all positive changes come without harmful repercussions. We must proactively set counter measures to ensure that our actions today do not cause ripples and complications in the years to come. One such playing factor going against animal testing will be the rising cost of research. With modern technology requiring excessive amounts of funding, as well as the tremendous amount of expenses incurred through maintenance and procuring of lab animals, there may be the concern that excessive money might be spent unnecessarily on less essential research, when such funds could be better spent to aid the needy or just to boost the economy.

Also, there remains the daunting possibility that cures for animals might not produce the same results for humans. A simple flu treatment that can usually treat mice might cause an otherwise adverse effect on humans. Worse still, it may even cause an epidemic outbreak widespread enough to infect humans around the world. Animal testing is still a freshly new option in science and medicine today, and any measure in its infant stage should be studied with meticulous care and concern, in order to ensure that such methods will not backfire once it reaches maturity. Should Abortion be allowed to be exercised freely?

Abortion is the act of removing the foetus from the uterus to terminate the pregnancy. Taking accidental abortions like miscarriages aside, other common means would include induced abortions through menstrual extraction and vacuum aspiration. However, heated debates have constantly arisen to address the ethical concerns of such induced...

References: Animal Testing
Justifying Animal Experimentation (September, 2002)
http://sobek.colorado.edu/~irvinel/Animals%20and%20Society%20Readings/Frey%20Justifying%20Experimentation.pdf
Is Animal Testing Justified (January 30th, 2010)
Utilitarian View on Abortion, StudyMode.com (May, 2012)
http://www.studymode.com/essays/Utilitarian-View-On-Abortion-990244.html
Euthanasia
The ethics of euthanasia, Nargus Ebrahimi (2012)
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