Ethical And Moral PerspectivesWk1 ETH316

Topics: Ethics, Virtue ethics, Morality Pages: 4 (541 words) Published: February 18, 2015


Ethical and Moral Perspectives
Amber Wilson
ETH/316
September 23, 2014
Florence Moemena
Ethical and Moral Perspectives

Virtue, utilitarianism, and deontology are all theories that provide a guiding force that measures what is good and what is bad. These theories are what help develop one's character and choices. Virtue and deontology are nonconsequential ethical theories. Instead of basing the moral judgments on the outcomes of actions like utilitarianism the theories are focused on factors like duty, rights and laws of nature. Ethical theory is defined as an understanding or guidance of how one should conduct themselves when encountering others. (Nicholas Manias, 2013) Virtue Theory plays a significant role of ethics and character in moral viewpoints rather than adhering to independent moral rules and duties. A virtuous person does not have alternative motives because of duty or gain of favors. Rather they are simply good by choice of desire to be good. Virtue ethics in regards to morality is a self-centered theory because its main focus is of its character and well- being. Instead of being too self-centered, virtue ethics combines what required by morality and what is required by self-interest. (Nicholas Manias, 2013) Universality and respect govern deontological ethics being a nonconsequential ethical theory for everyone. Universality points out that we should act accordingly to how we want others to act unto us. Respect for persons brings to light that we should treat ourselves as indispensable aspects to everyday life. Deontological style emphases on right or wrong of actions as opposed to the right or wrong of the consequences of those actions. The morality of deontology is founded on assured duties or responsibilities. The opinion of the deontological theory states that some actions cannot be justified by their consequences. Virtue and deontology ethical theories similarities are that they are not outcome driven. Their...

References: Nicholas Manias, D. M. (2013). Ethics Applied. In D. M. Nicholas Manias, Ethics Applied (pp. 3-218). Pearson.
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