top-rated free essay

Ethical Analysis of Abortion

By pruiz7 Apr 17, 2013 824 Words
P. Ruiz
Stevens
Phil 3340-106
12/5/11
Ethical Analysis of Abortion
Abortion could not be ethically justified because it is killing an innocent human being. It is arguable that a right to an abortion is a right to control one’s body and the death of fetus is an unavoidable consequence of choosing not to continue a pregnancy. That people have some claim to personal, bodily autonomy must be regarded as fundamental to the conception of any ethical, democratic, and free society. Given that autonomy exists as an ethical necessity, the question becomes how far the autonomy exists. If a woman consented to sex and/or didn’t properly use contraception, then she knew pregnancy might result. Being pregnant means having a new life growing inside. Whether the fetus is a person or not and, whether the state takes a position on abortion or not, it’s arguable that a woman has some sort of ethical obligation to the fetus. Most debates on the ethics of abortion focus on whether the fetus is a person. Even if it is not a person, however, this doesn’t mean it can’t have any moral standing. Maybe this obligation isn’t strong enough to eliminate abortion as an option, but it may be enough to limit when abortion can be ethically chosen or justified. According to the best interest principle, the best interest would be to have the baby so it can live a long and fulfilling life.

It is argued that in these tragic cases the great value of the mental health of a woman who becomes pregnant as a result of rape or incest can be safe-guarded by abortion. It is also that a pregnancy caused by rape or incest is the result of a grave injustice and that the victim should not be obligated to carry the fetus to viability. This would keep reminding her of the violence for nine months and it would increase her mental anguish. “It is reasoned that the value of woman’s mental health is greater than the value of the fetus. In addition, it is maintained that the fetus is an aggressor against the woman’s integrity and personal life; it is only just and morally defensible to repel an aggressor even by killing him if that is the only way to defend personal and human values.” It is concluded then, that the abortion is justified in these cases. According to the best interests’ principle, in this case it might be ok for the mother to abort the fetus since she might end up resenting the fetus later in life. If life begins at conception, then it follows that all fertilized eggs are morally important. However the problem with that is that when one attempts to have children though normal reproduction it is estimated that “only 50 to 60 percent of conceptions advance to beyond twenty weeks of gestation. Of the pregnancies that are lost, 75% represent a failure of implantation and are therefore not realized as clinical pregnancies .” (Norwitz, E.R. . "Implantation and the survival of early pregnancy." The New England Journal of Medicine vol. 34508 Nov. 2001 1400-1408) This indicates that the decision to attempt to have children leads to the death of many fertilized eggs, which, according to the pro-life position, are fully significant individuals. The death of these eggs is not justifiable the only motivation is to have children. Another objection to this argument would be what if the baby is malformed? We should not kill an unborn baby to alleviate the suffering of the mother any more then we should kill her infant to alleviate her suffering. Neither should we commit an abortion of a malformed fetus to prevent his or her suffering later in life. Being handicapped is not a capital crime. “The intentional destruction of health is not compassionate and it is not healthcare; is it assault. We must not be swayed from our pro-life ethic by emotional appeals that admittedly swell our eyes with tears. Truth and compassion prevent us from this fatal compromise.

We must respond to all tragic circumstances of pregnancy from the unshakeable foundation of two indisputable premises: human life begins at conception, and it is always wrong to intentionally to kill an innocent human being. The unborn child’s right to life and liberty is given by his or her creator, not by his parents or by the state. The right to life is inalienable: that is, not to be trespassed upon another. In tragic circumstances such as rape or incest, we want to care for both the mother and her unborn baby. We want to relieve the suffering of the mother and her unborn baby. It is never right to intentionally kill an innocent human being, even if it does relieve another’s emotional or physical suffering. It is not up to a vote, and our obligation to submit unto divine judgments does not sway with our circumstances

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Abortion

    ...Abortion Should be Legalized             The issue of abortion is very controversial in today's society.  Although many people think it shouldn't be legalized, there are just as many who  think it should.  Your opinion rests with you and possibly the values you were  brought up with.  Whether you think women shou...

    Read More
  • abortion

    ...Abortion is the termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo before viability.[note 1] An abortion can occur spontaneously, in which case it is often called a miscarriage, or it can be purposely induced. The term abortion most commonly refers to the induced abortion of a human pregnancy. After viabili...

    Read More
  • Is Abortion Ethical?

    ...Is Abortion Ethical? Abortion is one of the very many controversies our country faces. The battle between pro-choice and pro-life has been waged for many years now and still continues today. The big question is; is abortion ethical or not? To determine this there are many questions that need to be answered about the fetus and the mother. Is ...

    Read More
  • The Ethical Dilemma of Abortion

    ...At some point in everyone’s life they have probably heard an argument or a commercial about the ethical dilemma of abortion. Since the historical 1973 Supreme Court ruling in Roe v. Wade, the discussion of a woman’s right to have an abortion has been one of the most contentious moral and political debates in America. The Court decided that...

    Read More
  • Ethical Implications of Abortion

    ...Abortion has and continues to be a controversial topic. Most would argue that every woman should have the right to terminate a pregnancy for whatever reason, because her body and the fetus are one entity. Since termination of a pregnancy or abortion is the status quo within society, most would agree with this consensus. I, however, without prope...

    Read More
  • Abortion - Ethical or Unethical

    ...Abortion “Ethical or Unethical” In my paper I will argue on why I feel that abortions are unethical and why they should not be allowed. As you are reading this paper I really hope that I don’t start to contradict myself. Let me begin by saying there are several different reasons why abortions should be prohibited. The first reason why ...

    Read More
  • The Moral and Ethical Controversy of Abortion

    ...Abortion is a much-argued medical procedure that has been the subject of legal debates as well as medical developments. The decision to have an abortion once raised legal issues, but this was changed with the Supreme Court ruling in Roe v. Wade. Roe’s argument that most laws against abortions violated a constitutional right to privacy under t...

    Read More
  • Abortion - Is Abortion ethical or unethical?

    ...The word abortion brings many different views and ideas to mind that range from a woman's right to her body to outright murder. Although at the present, many governments in world allow abortions to a certain degree, millions of people have debated for years whether abortions are morally acceptable or not. It is in the opinion of this author that...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.