Ethcal issues of Human Organ Sales

Topics: Human anatomy, Organ transplant, Human Pages: 6 (1996 words) Published: October 22, 2013

Humanity is a continually growing and evolving as a race here on earth, from creating communication techniques like speaking, writing, and signing, to inventing cures to fight infection, bacteria, and parasites that can ravage a human body, and enhancing medical surgical practices to further save lives from very common injuries or sicknesses. However, a new breakthrough in the medical sciences has hit the streets of the world by storm, declaring that the solution to human organ transplants is solved. A new idea and practice that will involve every individual to have an option to both save their life, as well as the life of another human being. The new solution for human transplant and donation involves the legalization of selling human organs on the open market. In hindsight, this seems to answer all the problems of organ donning, and transplant, allowing people to sell their organs for cash and increase the supply of organs to the general population. However, this new idea and grand solution has one big issue, the public backlash from religious groups, The Roman Catholic Church, political organization like Democrats and GOP, and the overall public of America. There are viewpoints from others across the nation that will argue that human organ sales are beneficial by being legalized, but I will be explaining the problems that would be cause by the sale of human organs. I will argue the ethical issues that arise amongst religious groups, the financial fallout that is caused by the sale of human organs, and challenges the Constitutional Law, The National Organ Transplant Act of 1984, which makes it illegal to sell human organs.

The first cause that arises from human organ sales is the ethical and moral backlash from religious groups and other cultural organization. Both the Roman Catholic Church and the Protestant Church attack the idea of legalization of human organ sales to protect human morally to one’s body. To explain, “The following conditions would render the sale of human organs morally impermissible. If the transaction were carried out in a manner that obfuscates, denies, or undermines the belief in the divine origin of human life or the dignity thereby due a corpse; or if the transaction, and the compensation gained, is motivated by or used for illegal, immoral, or irreligious purposes” (Capaldi, 2000, p. 140). Religious groups like the Catholic Church believe that a body is Gods temple, which either living or deceased, the integrity of the human body must be preserved. In addition, religious groups would argue that individual’s must have control of their body, and its fate. “Society, specifically in the form of its religious organization, the State, may not commandeer the organs of one human being without the permission of that individual person. The relation of individual human beings to the larger body politics is moral, not organic. The total organism which is humanity has no right to impose on individuals demands in the domain of physical being on the grounds of any natural right of the ‘whole’ to dispose of the parts” (Capalidi, 2000, p. 142). The disposal of the body and its organs is sacred, and many religious organizations fixate on proper ceremonial burials and traditions that need to be upheld, and by legalizing organ sales, questions the authority and beliefs of religious groups. Finally, the topic of human marketing arises, saying that human organ sales takes the human body, looked upon as Gods temple, making the bodily organs materialistic, not holy relicts created by God. Pope John Paul II expressed, “the concern, if a particular sale promotes a “reductive materialist” conception of human life, it is unacceptable” (Capalidi 2000, p.143). Pope John Paul II argues that the human body is sacred and by allowing the sale of human organs, makes the body a walking market place, which causes a huge uproar in the religious community. Transplantation from a corps or living human requires the body to be...

References: Capaldi, N. (2000). A Catholic Perspective on Organ Sales. Christian Bioethics: Non- Ecumenical Studies In Medical Morality, 6(2), 139-151.
Borna, S. (1987). Morality and Marketing Human Organs. Journal Of Business Ethics, 6(1), 37-44.
Torcello, L., & Wear, S. (2000). The Commercialization of Human Body Parts: A Reappraisal from aProtestant Perspective. Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies In Medical Morality, 6(2), 153.
Stempsey, S. E. (2000). Organ Markets and Human Dignity: On Selling Your Body and Soul. Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies In Medical Morality, 6(2), 195-204.
WELLINGTON, A. J., & SAYRE, E. A. (2011). AN EVALUATION OF FINANCIAL INCENTIVE POLICIES FOR ORGAN DONATIONS IN THE UNITED STATES. Contemporary Economic Policy, 29(1), 1-13. doi:10.1111/j.1465-7287.2010.00197.x
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