1. Which of the following describes the BEST perspective from which to view organizational ethics?
a. From the point of view of individual managers.
b. From the point of view of corporations.
c. From the point of view of industry-wide ethical concerns.
d. Organizational ethics should be viewed from all of the above perspectives.
2. Which of the following is a factor that might explain why a public outcry has arisen for business to be more socially responsible?
a. Increased complexity and interdependence of postindustrial society.
b. Increased corporate taxation.
c. Reduced government regulation.
d. Reduced state and local involvement in business coupled with federal withdrawal from the regulatory picture.
3. Consequential theories look at which of the following?
a. Whether the desired results were achieved.
b. Whether the desired individuals participated.
c. Whether the desired methods were used.
d. Whether legitimate goals were selected in the first place.
4. The term "deontology" is derived from a Greek word meaning which of the following?
5. The hallmark of deontology can be summarized by which of the following maxims?
a. Right makes might.
b. Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.
c. Justice is blind.
d. Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.
6. Immanuel Kant's "categorical imperative" is BEST paraphrased by which of the following statements?
a. A person should engage in acts based on ethical rather than moral principles.
b. A person should engage only in acts that could become universal standards.
c. A person should act only after determining the marginal or net utility of that action.
d. A person should act only after determining the ethical category of that action.
7. If a U.S. company applies Kant's "categorical imperative" to its decision to bribe a foreign official, it should be willing to accept which of the following?
a. The moral freedom of foreign companies to bribe U.S. officials.
b. The moral freedom of foreign officials to refuse to accept bribes.
c. The moral freedom of U.S. officials to refuse to accept bribes.
d. The moral freedom of U.S. companies to bribe U.S. officials.
8. The humanist school would evaluate the ethics of an action based on which of the following standards?
a. Whether the action would contribute to improving human capabilities, such as intelligence, wisdom, and self-restraint.
b. Whether the action would prevent the bribery of foreign government officials by U.S. corporations.
c. Whether the action would follow the principles of The Golden Rule.
d. Whether the benefits of the action would outweigh the risks.
9. Which of the following values would be included in an organization's "corporate culture?"
a. Productivity and profits, but not efficiency.
b. Productivity and efficiency, but not profits.
c. Efficiency and profits, but not productivity.
d. Productivity, profits, and efficiency are all included in the meaning of "corporate culture."
10. Which of the following concerns would fall within a...
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