DISEASE RESEARCH PAPER INFECTIOUS DISEASE: HIV/AIDS
Human immune deficiency virus infection/ Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by infections with human immune deficiency virus (HIV). During the initial infection, a person may experience a brief period of influenza like illness. This is typically followed by a prolonged period without symptoms. Genetic Research indicates that HIV originated in West Africa during the early twentieth century. AIDS was first recognized by the centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) in 1981 and its cause, HIV infection was identified in the early part of the decade. Since its discovery AIDS has caused an estimated 36 million deaths (as of 2012). AIDS is considered a pandemic a disease outbreak which is present over a large area and is actively spreading. Scientists have tracked the origins of HIV to West Africa. A chimpanzee species had their own variation of the disease. This was transmitted to humans when the chimps were hunted, eaten, and humans consequently came in contact with their infected blood. The disease has hence spread across Africa, and to all parts of the world. The first known human infection was identified in 1959 from a man in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. The first cases in the United States were not until the mid to late 1970’s in which homosexual men in the Los Angeles and New York areas were exhibiting uncharacteristic opportunistic infections when they had been otherwise healthy. (Basic Information about HIV and AIDS)
There are various causative agents of AIDS. The main common of these agents is HIV. HIV is an acronym for human immunodeficiency virus. This has led to the worldwide infection of aids. Human immune deficiency virus (HIV) is the causative agent for AIDS. The most common agent that has led to
Bibliography: Brown, W. J. (1991). An AIDS prevention campaign: Effects on attitudes, beliefs, and communication behavior. American Behavioral Scientist, 34(6), 666-78. — This article reports on the effect of AIDS education on college students. It lists reasons for underestimating personal risk: illusions of invulnerability, the long incubation period of AIDS, drugs and sexual experimentation, underestimating partners ' risky sexual behaviors, and acquaintance rape. It concludes that increasing knowledge will not necessarily promote prevention and finds a strong relationship between personal concern and AIDS-related interpersonal communication.