1 Define what is meant by:
(i) an input device
(ii) an output device
(iii) A local hockey league is run by a secretary from home. The secretary is responsible for all fixtures and league tables.The secretary is blind and uses her home computer for carrying out the necessary tasks.State a suitable hardware peripheral for each of input, output and storage, which the secretary could use. Justify your choices. 
2 (a) Define the following types of software:
(i) operating system
(ii) applications software 
(b) (i) Explain the difference between custom-written software and off-the-shelf software. (ii) Explain four advantages of using off-the-shelf software.
(c) A student is completing a project for submission to the Geography department about rainfall in their area. Explain how the student could use the following software: (i) word processor
(iii) desktop publishing
(d) The student uses a single-user, multi-tasking operating system. Describe what is meant by a single-user, multi-tasking operating system.
3 (i) State what is meant by a real-time operating system. (ii) Describe an application which needs to be carried out in real time. (iii) Explain why your choice needs to be a real-time application.
4 Describe the following methods of automated data capture. Give an example, in each case, of an application where it would be used.
(i) Optical Mark Recognition (OMR)
(ii) Optical Character Recognition (OCR)
5 (a) Define the terms:
A supermarket has a number of point-of-sale terminals.
Data is read from goods at the terminals and information is produced.
(b) State two output devices which would be used at the point-of-sale, giving a reason for each
(c) State three types of output needed at the point-of-sale terminals. For each type of output explain why the output is needed. 
(d) The management of the...
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