Essay writing

Topics: Writing, Essay, Essays Pages: 6 (544 words) Published: October 12, 2013
IMPROVE YOUR WRITING
What to think about when writing essays

BASIC OUTLINE OF AN ESSAY
  Essays

will have different purposes but most
follow the same basic outline, that is:
1.  Introduction
2.  Body
3.  Conclusion

BASICS OF ESSAY WRITING INTRODUCTION
  Introduction

– introduce the topic in an
interesting way, attract the reader somehow. You
can try to catch the reader´s attention by for
example presenting som interesting/shocking
facts or by telling a personal story.
  Thesis statement – present what your essay is
about, this is what you will write about in the
body of the essay

BASICS OF ESSAY WRITING - BODY
  Body

– Here you write about the subject you
presented in your thesis statement
  Be precise and to the point, focus your text on
what you are supposed to write about, do not
ramble on about irrelevant things

BASICS OF ESSAY WRITING - CONCLUSION
  Finish

your essay by bringing closure to the
reader.
  In the conclusion you could for example:
- 
Summarize what you have stated in your essay
- 
End with a personal reflection, personal
recommendation
- 
End with a “twist”

STRUCTURE
  Divide

your text in different paragraphs
  Each paragraph should deal with one idea
  Each paragraph starts with a topic sentence and
then the rest of the sentences should be
connected with the topic sentence

LANGUAGE
  Use

formal language (avoid words like ”Im
gonna,wanna etc.) avoid contracted forms (isn´t,
he´s, instead write: is not, he is)
  Try to vary your language by using synomyms
when using the same word often. E.g. ”The
article reports/says/claims/suggests/explains etc.”

LANGUAGE
  Make

sure to check your language for some easily
confused words such as:

It´s (it is) and its; It´s a lovely day today. The jury has reached its decision
There, they´re (they are) and their: “They're going there because their mother insisted they become proficient in SerboCroatian.” Your and you´re (you are): “If you're planning on swimming, then be sure to bring your life vest and flippers.”

Where, we´re (we are) and were: “We were lost in the middle of Timbuktu. No one knew where we were. Next time we travel,
we're going to bring along a map.”

As you can see, a lot of confusion can be
avoided by not using contracted forms

LANGUAGE – LINKING WORDS
One way to enrich a text and to make it cohesive is
to use linking words, here are some examples:
Sequence
• First / firstly,
second / secondly,
third / thirdly etc
• Next, last, finally
• In addition,
moreover
• Further /
furthermore
• Another
• Also
• In conclusion
• To summarise

Result
• So
• As a result
• As a consequence
(of)
• Therefore
• Thus
• Consequently
• Hence
• Due to

Emphasis
• Undoubtedly
• Indeed
• Obviously
• Generally
• Admittedly
• In fact
• Particularly / in
particular
• Especially
• Clearly
• Importantly

LINKING WORDS
Addition

Reason

Example

• And
• In addition /
additionally / an
additional
• Furthermore
• Also
• Too
• As well as

• For
• Because
• Since
• As
• Because of

• For example
• For instance
• That is (ie)
• Such as
• Including
• Namely

LINKING WORDS
Contrast

Comparison

• However
• Nevertheless
• Nonetheless
• Still
• Although / even
though
• Though
• But
• Yet
• Despite / in spite of
• In contrast (to) / in
comparison
• While
• Whereas
• On the other hand
• On the contrary

• Similarly
• Likewise
• Also
• Like
• Just as
• Just like
• Similar to
• Same as
• Compare
• compare(d) to / with
• Not only...but also...
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