Essay, Term Paper

Topics: Indigenous Australians, Indigenous peoples, Culture Pages: 5 (1811 words) Published: June 26, 2013
Eckermann el al 2010; (pp. 21) introduces the idea of policies as a set of actions or to statements of intention. Australian governments has created and implemented polices concerning the indigenous population. These policies have included European settlement, protectionism, segregation, assimilation, integration, self-determination and finally reconciliation. Assimilation (1950-1960); the aim of assimilation was to make the aboriginal problem gradually disappear so that aboriginal people would lose their identity in the wider community (Crawford & Tantiprasut 2003, p. 42). Similarly, another intention of assimilation policy was to raise the standard of housing, health and education for aboriginal people by allowing them to move into town and cities. Aboriginal people experienced in finding work and housing due to discrimination (Crawford & Tantiprasut 2003, p. 42). Segregation (1890-1950) The policies of segregation were brought in under the pretext of protecting the aboriginal population from violence and harassment (Vickers & Issaac 2012). It is also the policy of separating the aboriginal people from the European settlers. Segregation would protect indigenous people from European influence but it was also a means of keeping the aboriginal people from the Europeans (Vickers & Issaac 2012). Reconciliation; Reconciliation is about unity and respect between aboriginal and Torres Strait islander and non-indigenous Australian. It is about respect for aboriginal and Torres Strait islander heritage and valuing justice and equity for all Australian (Behrendt 2012, p. 380). It is the process of aboriginal Torres Strait islander and non-aboriginal Austrians moving forward into a phase of mutual recognition of healing and justice (Bherendt 2012, p.380). Ongoing effects of colonisation for indigenous Australian There are many effects of British colonisation on indigenous Australian one of the worst impacts was the loss of land and loss of culture. The dislocation of most of the people from their land though colonisation has contributed to the effect of newly introduced disease on their health such as, low birth weight, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and ear diseases rheumatic heart disease, renal disease and other infectious diseases (Cunningham & Stanley 2003, PP. 403-404; Taylor & Guerin 2010, PP. 47-48). Impact of history and the past and ongoing effects of colonisation were seen as primary causes of mental distress and contributing to mental ill health among aboriginal peoples (Taylor & Guerin 2010, PP. 47-48). The effect of history continuous today with problems such as: unemployment, poverty, poor education, alcohol, substance use, depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress, domestic violence and accidents and death in custody and child abuse in indigenous communities across country are the main ongoing effect of colonisation for indigenous Australian (Cunningham & Stanley 2003, PP. 403-404). As a nurse special counselling services and programs were needed to deal with ongoing effect. People who did not recognise the effects of trauma on them should educate about trauma as common disease and they were a traumatised people. Impact of colonisation in indigenous health and wellbeing; there are significant developments and impacts that suggest colonialism remains influential in the health and wellbeing of indigenous people today. Many and major diseases and wellness states of indigenous people today is linked directly or indirectly to the colonial history (Taylor & Guerin 2010, p. 47). However, healthcare professionals in present era need to acknowledge and implement a range of policies and strategies that can have a positive impact on indigenous lives and health status (Taylor & Guerin 2010, pp. 47-50). Models of health: Understanding the tension between traditional healing and western medicine (western biomedical model of health) is still exist in Aboriginal...
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