To what extended was Gorbachev responsible for the end of the Cold War?
Introduction: In the 80s decade the world saw the second cold war, by these time Mikhail Gorbachev was the leader of the Soviet Union and Ronald Regan the president of the United States, the united states in 80s manage the relationship with the USSR in a hard way, making them know the US wasn’t going to be giving away any petition from the USSR, by this stage the soviet union was passing throw a bad moment, living condition in the soviet union simply went down and the country was left behind from the rest of Europe and wasn’t able to maintain the vast country and ideological war with the United States. The way that Gorbachev manages this problem, its seen to be one of the mayor causes to end the Cold War and also the Soviet Union.
Main Body points:
Glasnost: which meant openness in Russian basically meant to increase the transparency the government had and to open up to various countries this included the US, as by this action the people started to speak freely about the USSR and its problems, make in easier fro satellite countries to find independence from the USSR which was important as it lost vast territory due to this losses of land. Perestroika: As introduction of Glasnost, also came perestroika, which involved on the new structure of the politics and economy. The economy in this stage was terrible and it open up which was very liberal for the USSR at the time, tried to introduce a similar system as in China. Ronald Regan factor: Regan in charge of the US became very close and hard on the decisions made on the USSR, which made the USSR, do policies as Glasnost and Perestroika to try survive and keep up at the same level as the US. The election of a non-communist leader: in Poland in 1989 resulted in Gorbachev’s refusal to respond with military action by restraints of Soviet economy’s inability to “go hard”, as he had previously done in the Baltic states Modernization: The USSR was left behind in many aspect at the time, it was for Gorbachev to head up to try modernize the nation that was been left behind in time, any rivalry with any country Military economy: One of the aspect Gorbachev need to handle was the great expenses the military and the war where accusing to the USSR making them drain most of their funds Boris Yeltsin: one of the mayor factor also was the appearance of a strong leader as Yelsin, which was seen as able to establish an new politic system in Russia and was approved by a big part of the population
The mayor polices done by Gorbachev would be the one which will lead to the end of the cold war and its polices, basically Gorbachev tried to improve the situation the USSR was left for him and basically he just prolonged the USSR future and therefor the Cold War problem. It was to the polices as glasnost and perestroika that made it possible for the other thing to happen such as the independence of various states and ended with the falling of the Soviet Union. At the time it wasn’t an option to continue in conflict with another nation as there were more internal problems to solve and in the end these ended up in finishing the Cold war and the USSR.