The French Revolution is the most crucial turning point in human history. It was the revolt of French people against privilege and autocracy. Unlike the English Revolution of 1688 and the American Revolution of 1776 which were related to political issues. The French Revolution, however, was related to social, political, economic and religious issues. It started on 14 July 1789 and ended when Napoleon Bonaparte took over France.
The Economic Crisis
The outbreak of the French Revolution can be explained through various causes. One such causes concerned the economic aspect of the country. Louis XVI was not a king who cared for his people, neither its wellbeing nor the problems they faced. Foreign wars of Louis XIV and the seven...
The Clergy comprised of two groups’ i.e. the higher clergy and the lower clergy. The former managed the churches, monasteries and educational institutions so they did not pay any taxes to the monarch. They used the common people so the latter hated them. However, the lower clergy served the people and they lived a miserable life. The Nobility too did not pay any taxes to the king. There were two types of nobles, namely the Court nobles and the Provincial nobles. The Court nobles live an extravagant life and were indifferent to the difficulties of commoners. On the contrary, the Provincial nobles were concerned about the issues the people faced. The Third Estate mostly comprising of farmers, sweepers, lower classes had a very miserable life. They paid taxes and were even employed in fields by the clergies and nobles. Another class of the Third Estate was the Bourgeoisie that is, doctors, lawyers, teachers, businessmen, writers and philosophes. Though they had wealth and social prestige they were ranked by the French monarch as the Third Estate. So they influenced the people for revolution by inciting them about their rights.
Political Instability of France
France at that time was politically instable. The kings perceived themselves as ‘Representatives of God on Earth’ and ruled over the people...
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