Essay On Sir Robert Peel

Topics: Robert Peel, Police, Industrial Revolution / Pages: 4 (771 words) / Published: Oct 28th, 2015
Sir Robert Peel and the History of Law Enforcement The British Industrial Revolution caused a division between the rich and the poor due to the increasing unemployment rate of middle class workers. Widespread discontent and distress led to riots and increased crime waves across the United Kingdom. Because there was no civilian police force at the time, the military controlled the outbreaks of violence. Sir Robert Peel, Home Secretary under the Duke of Wellington in Liverpool, proposed a reform to the current system of maintaining law and order later known as the Metropolitan Police Act of 1829.
Changes in social conditions and the increasing crime rate during the 19th century Industrial Revolution motivated Robert Peel to develop a unified
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His family wealth afforded him good private schools and he was considered to be well-mannered and disciplined. When he was bullied by jealous neighborhood children, Peel’s father sheltered him from them. Even though Peel lost his mother when he was only 14, his father and other family members provided great support (Gash 4-5). Peel graduated from Christ Church, Oxford, in 1809 with the first double major given by the college. Although shy, his self-confidence and independent nature along with high moral character convinced others to follow him (Ramsay 11-12). As a result of the family’s continued manufacturing success, Peel’s father was able to buy him a seat in Parliament in Southern Ireland in 1809 at the age of 21. Peel’s experience in Ireland with the Peace Preservation Act is believed to be the initial start of his interest in starting the Metropolitan Police of London. He convinced the Irish of the necessity for efficient policing and wrote this act after an incident in 1812 that required the use of military troops to help defend magistrates and control civil disorder. The Peace Act allowed for additional, paid magistrates. He was able to use this experience when he fought for the Metropolitan Police Act in 1829 (Gaunt 70-71). As a Tory, a political party that supports the monarchy and the Church, Peel was against Roman Catholic emancipation.(Clark 6-8). He later became Home Secretary in

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