Law enforcement is allowed to use deadly force only in defense of life, and only as a last ditch effort when no other means are available to protect innocent people and their own lives against imminent, grievous physical injury or death. When an officer even arrives at the scene, there are several factors that may influence the officer to make the decision to use deadly force. Factors such as the type of neighborhood, race, and the behavior of the suspect all play a role in the decision making process to use deadly force.
The neighborhood setting in which an officer is dispatched to has impact on whether or not an officer may use deadly force. Police officers develop a …show more content…
Kenneth Matulia conducted a survey by examining 57 of the largest cities in the United States and found positive connections between police use of force and several measures of community violence. The measures of community violence included homicides, Uniform Crime Report crimes, robberies, police officers that were murdered and justifiable homicides by citizens of the communities. Matulia concluded "that police shooting rates were affected more by the level of violence in the community than any other factor (White. 2002)." Other researchers have applied the conflict theory to the impact the neighborhood has on deadly force. The conflict theory states that individuals and groups within a society that have differing amounts of material and non-material resources will exploit groups that have a lesser amount of material and non-material resources. Researchers that have applied the conflict theory to the use of deadly force have found support for their hypothesis that law enforcement is more likely to use deadly force economic disparity and conflict are at their greatest. Relationships between economic