Asthma is described as an inflammatory condition of the lungs with no cure. This condition is a chronic or long-term lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways. This inflammation makes the airways swollen and incredibly sensitive. The airways then tend to react to certain substances that cause irritations. When the airways are irritated by these substances the muscles around the airways tighten and narrows the airways. The narrowing airways then cause a lack of air flow into the lungs. Cells in the airways may make more mucus which can also lead to narrowing in the airways. The narrowing of the airways is also known as flare-ups and the causes are different in each patient with asthma.
Sings and Symptoms1
Asthma symptoms can occur each time the airways get inflamed. Coughing that worsens at night and in the early morning which makes it hard to sleep, wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath are all indicators of asthma. All people with asthma do not always show all of these symptoms and having these symptoms may also not indicate that you have asthma. Asthma symptoms can be just an annoyance or can be severe causing disruption in your daily activities. It is important to know the signs of asthma and talk to your doctor about being tested. The best way to indicate if you have asthma is by having a doctor preform a lung function test, medical history, and a …show more content…
Allergens from dust, animal fur, and pollen from trees, grasses, and flowers can cause flare-ups. Air pollution, cigarette smoke, chemical and dust in the workplace can also trigger asthma flare-ups. Triggers for asthma are different with each person. Other conditions can also contribute to asthma and make it harder to manage. These conditions include runny nose, sinus infections, reflux disease, psychological stress, and sleep apnea. These conditions need treatment as part of an overall asthma care