In every hospital, there have many kind of professional staff to support the health care services, such as doctor, nurse, physiotherapy etc. to form a team to provide high quality care to patients. To keep a good team spirit. Leadership is a core person in an organization. Successful leadership can push the team morale increase, decrease absenteeism and high performance in the organization.
Definition of leadership
Good leadership include different kind of capabilities such as communication, knowledge, intelligence and skills etc. Grimm (2010) said that leadership was including of many definitions, complex, talents. One of the definition of leadership was a “multifaceted process of identifying a goal, motivating other people to act, and providing support and motivation to achieve mutually negotiated goals” Porter-O & Grady (2003). Another popular definition of leadership is” a process individuals to achieve a common goal” Northouse (2007) Summarize the above meaning of leadership, there had one common process. Leadership is a person in which one or more person who influence the followers to complete the set goals by providing supporting motivation and inspiration.
Background of Leadership in Hong Kong
Hospital Authority (HA) annual plan stated the major targets goals and the whole plan of the head office and individual hospital clusters in the coming year (HA 2013). According to the annual plan, one of the key target was “Build people first culture”. It aimed to increase professional capabilities. There have many objective to enhance the professional leadership. In fact, hospital authority provide many leadership training to different department of staff such as HA Leadership Pipeline. So as to maintain and increase leadership ability in hospital obviously, so leadership is an important role in the hospital.
Over a time, a number of theories of leadership have been suggested. For example situational theory, functional theory, transactional and transformational theories etc. In the essay, it is going to be explore about the transformational leadership. Sofarelli and Brown (1998) stated that transformational leadership was the most popular leadership theory for nursing and the most suitable leadership style for empowering nurse. The theory of the transformational leadership was first introduce in late 20th century by Buns (1978) who stated that “transformational leadership is the process through which leaders and followers engage in a way that raise both of them to higher levels of motivations and morality resulting in a relationship of mutual stimulation and elevation that may convert followers to leaders and leaders to more agents.” Bass (1985) defined “transformational leadership affects followers, who are intended to trust, admire and respect the transformational leadership.”
Four components to transformational leadership are general accepted, it is: 1. Idealized influence
2. Inspirational motivation
3. Intellectual stimulation
4. Individualized consideration
1. “Idealized influence is about building confidence and trust and the transformational leaders provide a role model to followers seek to imitate” Bone & Judge (2004).The followers are leaders can display charisma provide a set of values. As a result the leader can facilitate the process of change.
2.” Inspirational motivation is about motivating the entire organization to follow a new idea and get too change” Bone & Judge( 2004). “The leaders encourage followers to become part of the organizational culture and environment” Kelly (2003). The leaders influence follower through motivational speeches and conversations which are challenge and enthusiasm. It can encourage the evolution of individual and team spirit and support goal achievement clearly.
3.” Intellectual stimulations is about arousing and changing follower awareness of problems and their capacity to solve those problem. “Bone &...
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