Approaches to ESP Learning

1. Introduction

This paper deals with the definitions of some terminologies and approaches concerning English language teaching as well as ESP. The candidate begins with a concise description of English as a medium of international communication and the importance of ESP in the light of the globalization process. She also tackles the summary of the characteristics of the most significant approaches followed by language teachers, namely the Grammar Translation Approach, the Audio-Lingual Approach, the natural Approach, and finally, the Communicative Language Teaching.

2. English as a Means for Global Communication The latest world events, notably world wars and 9-11 events (1), have called attention to the need to increase understanding and to improve communication among all nations. An international exchange of ideas is essential in areas ranging from the medical research, engineering to the political challenges of a global economy. To meet these communication needs including exchange of information and understanding, more and more individuals try to acquire highly specific academic language skills for professional and educational reasons. That is why a clear necessity for effective English communication skills for graduates in the current globalised work environment emerged. It is observed that non native English speaking students do not gain the kind of proficiency demanded in present day context where communication is beyond the mastery of the four skills, namely: reading, speaking, listening and writing.

Communication across global companies and multinationals, require workforce that is competent in particular skills like negotiations, team work, oral presentations, report writing, decision making and so forth. Unfortunately, all Algerian students do not gain competency in such skills during their studies at university, although these are crucial in the places of work because they had not been trained

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