Erik Erikson Paper
Erik Erikson was a psychologist originally from Germany. He began his career in art. After attending school with Anna Freud, Erikson began to study psychoanalysis through because of her encouragement. He is now known for the production of the eight stages of development which is an expansion of Freud's five steps. Each stage is a momentous point in life. They involve certain criteria that have to be worked through so one can live a balanced and wholesome life. Those who do not master the task will have a hard time moving through life successfully. Our experiences and the way we individually work through them create a one-of a-kind character. The first stage is infancy; it lasts slightly longer than the first year of life. Babies count on their parents or primary caregivers for their survival. If the parent is loving, comforting and meets the infant's needs and wants, he or she will gain a sense of predictability and trust for its environment. If the maintainer is neglectful and handles the infant badly he or she will mistrusts them and becomes fearful of its surroundings. I was the first born so; my parents were able to give me the majority of their focus. My mom said that the day was usually relaxed and simple. It would mainly consist of them making things comforting for me. I would be bathed and rocked before each nap and would sit in the same rocking chair or the same spot in the kitchen for each feeding. On account of my mom spending the most time with me I was a "momma's girl". I would settle down quickly and eat the best for her. I was a patient, easygoing and trusting infant. Toddler hood is the second stage. This occurs from a half a year old to three years old. The young ones relationship with its parent is still very important at this stage. If a young child is surrounded by people that applaud independent and self-sustaining behaviors like walking, talking and using the potty they will have confidence in their new control and self-esteem. If a small child's caregivers limit autonomy the young child will feel suppressed and will doubt their abilities therefore becoming self-depriving and shameful. It is a battle of self-control, courage and will. When I was a toddler my parents were excited by every little thing I did and fostered me and my "big" accomplishments. They sang and clapped when I gave up my bottle and used the toilet. My younger brother was born when I was two and I wanted to help with everything. I exerted my will constantly and shout "Lauren do". My parents had a lot of patience and allowed me to messily feed him bottles. I was a proud big sister and all around happy and confident child. The third stage out of Erikson's eight stages is early childhood. This happens from about three years of age until about six years of age. A child who is secure will take initiative a launch activities and feel socially accountability. They began to copy adults a role-play with dolls, talk on toy phones and play with cars using their imagination. Through their undertakings they will gain a stronger sense of confidence (Coles 132). The opposite of this would be a child whose parents are over barring and cause him or her to be confused about their purpose, lack free-spiritedness and are standoffish in social learning situations. These young children feel guilt and inadequacy because of inferiority and fear punishment. My second brother was born when I was three. I loved my little brothers and was what my parents called "the little mother hen". I was very independent and my parents felt I was ready for more interaction with kids my own age so, they stretched the truth and I started preschool early. I was enthusiastic each day I would go to school and see my friends, play and do new activities. I would come home and place my stuffed animals and try to rally my brothers to sit in front of me while I "taught' them. I was successful as a young child because I had a...
Bibliography: Coles, Robert. (2001).
Levinson, David, Ponzetti, James J., Jr., Jorgensen, Peter F. (1999)
Nodby, Vernon J., & Hall, Calvin S. (1974).
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