Eric Erikson's Eight Stages Of Social Development

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Stages of Social Development
Eric Erikson proposed a theory of how personalities and sense of self evolves throughout a life span, known as the Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development. Theses stages are the developmental tasks involved in the social and emotional development of children and teenagers that continues into adulthood. The first stage is trust versus mistrust which occurs during infancy through the first one or two years of life. The major developmental task during this stage is to learn whether primary caregivers satisfy basic needs (Ormyrid, 2013). If the child is taken of, nurtured, and loved, the child will develop trust and security. Mistrust and insecurity is developed when children are neglected or abused. The second stage autonomy versus shame and doubt. During this stage the child
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Industry emerges when the child is diligent, and works hard to complete tasks. The fifth stage is identity versus role confusion, which occurs during adolescence. During this stage the child struggles with their identity, they must establish an identity, goals, and a purpose. They may experience role confusion in determining how they fit in society, but eventually establish an identity. The sixth stage is intimacy versus isolation which occurs during young adulthood. After the child establishes their identity, they are able to establish intimate relationships with others. The next stage is generativity versus stagnation, which the primary task is contributing to society and helping to guide future generations (Ormrod, 2013). Stagnation occurs when people are not able to contribute to society and are not productive members of society. The final stage in Erikson’s Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development is intimacy versus isolation. During this stage the person reflects on their life they have lived. If the person has lived a happy productive life they can face death and aging proudly. Despair results from a life of disappointments and

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