UK & EU Legislation
The Equality Act 2010
The Equality Act came into force in October 2010 and was set up in order to legally protect people from discrimination in the workplace and outer society. The Equality Act replaced all of the anti-discrimination laws such as Sex Discrimination Act 1975, Equal Pay Act 1970, Race Relations Act 1976 and the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 with one law covering them all. The Act protects employees from being discriminated against in the work place and mainly covers the three areas of discrimination which are religion or belief, sexual orientation and age. Sex Discrimination
The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 protects men and women from being sexually discriminated against on the grounds of sex or marriage. The Sex Discrimination Act means that employers cannot victimise or choose not to employ an applicant purely down to their gender. Opportunities should always be equal for both genders and they should both have the same chance when it comes to going for a job. The only reason why employers should be able to specify a gender which they want when writing a job description is when they are advertising for a carer job which involves personal care. A female client may not want a male carer looking after them as they will need to carry out duties such as bathing the client. In these circumstances, gender preference can be specified in a job role without being considered discrimination. Equal Pay
The Equal Pay Act 1970 prohibits employers favouring a gender when it comes to their pay or working conditions. An example of unequal pay would be a male and a female care worker both on the same promotion level, working the same hours and putting in the same amount of effort into their job role, but the male getting paid more than the female. This is classed as discrimination as many people believe that it is not fair that pay can be distributed unequally for the same job roles. The equality Act prevents this from occurring...
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