Epilepsy Research Paper
According to the book Medical Surgical Nursing, epilepsy is defined as “a condition in which a person has spontaneous recurring seizures caused by a chronic underlying condition” (Lewis 1492). This means that epilepsy is diagnosed when a child or adult has two or more seizures that were not caused by any outside source. Seizures can either be conjoined with other disorders, or without any apparent cause(Lewis 1492). Epilepsy in Children is a journal article that states, “10.5 million children worldwide are estimated to have active epilepsy”(Lancet 2). CURE is a non-profit institution that supports the research to find a resolution to this disease. There are two different classifications of seizures that affect all people diagnosed with epilepsy which include generalized and partial seizures. This paper will briefly explain the types of seizures, complications with this disorder and how it will affect the child physically, socially and cognitively. Therapies and cures to help children with this disease will also be introduced as this paper will assist in teaching a teacher how to cope with an epileptic student in the classroom. In most situations generalized seizures deal with both sides of the brain and have some type of altered consciousness to the brain, whereas partial seizures deal with one side of the brain and there is usually no altered consciousness.(s1p1492/1493) When a person has a Tonic-clonic seizure their body will stiffen for approximately 10-20 seconds and then twitch for 30-40 seconds. This is the most common generalized seizure which causes the child to be overly tired and sore. Typical absence seizure is seen only in children and usually no older than the adolescent age. This seizure is many times gone unseen as the child will just have a frozen stare for a few seconds but can occur up to 100 times a day.(s1pg1493) The last generalized seizure is atypical which also include the frozen stare, but comes along with other symptoms such as unusual behavior during seizure and confusion afterwards. (s1pg1493) Partial seizures are unilateral and sometimes cause paresthesias, tingling or numbing in the leg opposite to the part of the brain having trouble/distress. These unilateral seizures include simple partial seizures and complex partial seizures. These two differ in the amount of time the seizure continues. For instance, simple partial usually last less than one minute whereas complex partial seizures last longer than 1 minute(Lewis1493). The main identifier of a complex partial seizure is having confusion afterwards. Now that the different types of seizures are known, one should learn how to cope with an individual who has epilepsy inside the classroom. The 3 most important safety procedures to know when a seizure is occurring is to protect students head by easing them to the floor if possible, do not restraining the student, and do not place any objects in the patients mouth. (1499) Lewis states, “Most seizures do not require professional emergency medical care because they are self-limiting and rarely cause bodily harm”(Lancet 499). Basically, this means that most seizures that occur will not do harm a student and will not require medical attention, nevertheless if they fall and hit their head or any bodily harm is present medical attention should be seeked immediately. Most students with an epilepsy disorder deal with both physical and psychosocial problems. An example of a physical problem would be status epilepticus which is mentioned in the Medical Surgical Nursing book states that, “Status epilepticus is a state of continuous seizure activity or a condition where seizures occur in a rapid succession without return to consciousness between seizures”(Lewis 1493). This is one of the most serious complications that happen in students with epilepsy and they will need medical attention. Status epilepticus can cause physical bodily harm...
References: 1) "Epilepsy In Children." The Lancet 253.6542 (1949): 499-524. Print.
2) Lewis, Sharon Mantik. Medical-surgical Nursing: Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier/Mosby, 2011. Print.
3) Broadie, Kwan. English Journal of Medicine: pgs 314-319.
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