Epidemiology Case Study

Topics: Epidemiology, Clostridium botulinum, Botulism Pages: 2 (601 words) Published: November 16, 2009
HCA 602 – Managerial Epidemiology
National University
October 2009
Marine Corps Recruit Depot is a Military training Command located in San Diego, California. Each month 500 young men are recruited and placed together in Recruit Enlisted quarters for the duration of their 12 weeks basictraining. The marine recruits share common facilities in this berthing such as bathrooms, dining area and recreational areas along with their training staff. These Marine recruits also perform very rigid physical training that some acquired partially healed superficial wounds while doing their annual physical readiness test that occur three days prior to graduation from the camp. On September 18, 2009 after their graduation ceremony, a traditional dinner is served at the Mess Hall for the graduating Marine recruits, their family and training staff. An outbreak occurred among the 500 Marine recruit, their family and staff 8hours after having this dinner. 100 people became ill and common symptoms presented were dizziness, blurred vision, dry mouth, nausea and vomiting and diarrhea.All 100 people were admitted at the Naval Medical Center San Diego and further examinations were performed. After the examinations, these findings were discovered: 5 out of the 100 people examined also have ptosis, extraocular palsies, facial paralysis, palatal weakness and impaired gag reflex and 4 of them still have that partially healed superficial wound from their physical training few days ago. Upon this discovery all were administered botulism antitoxin intravenously. Commander Benny Triplett,Nurse Practitioner head of the Infection Control Department was assigned to investigate the outbreak and must provide results to the local health department within a week. Commander Triplett knew it was botulism based on symptoms presented but since two types are suspected, she is wrestling with some important questions at this time: What further differential diagnosis can be performed for...

References: Buehler, J., Berkelman, R., Hartley, D., & Peters, C. Syndromic Surveillance and Bioterrorism-related Epidemics. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol9no10/03-0231.htm
Mallonee, J. (1995). Foodborne Botulism – Oklahoma, 1994 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 44(11), 200-202
Schoenstadt, A. (2008, October 24). Botulism. Retrieved from http://diseases.emedtv.com/botulism/botulism.html
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