Enzymes Essay Report

Topics: Digestion, Enzyme, Starch Pages: 6 (1163 words) Published: April 18, 2015
Enzymes Report
Reflecting on the impact of Science
Enzymes are use in industrial and medical field. They are
very important for the food industries. Enzymes are separate in two groups, which are builder and breakers. Breakers help to clean oil spills to speed up the process of decomposing. They break down larger molecules into small ones, speeds up the

rates of chemical reactions by providing energy to survive. That is one of the reasons why a high temperature fever is a problem, the enzymes that help to keep you alive are denaturing and without them you cannot live. Examples of breaker enzymes are protease, amylase and lipase. Most industries have production waste when using chemical, these present a danger to nature. Enzymes such as Protease can do the same job cheaper and do not threaten the environment, they part of nature and are thus fully biodegradable. The definition of biodegradable is a substances or object capable of being decomposed by bacteria or other living organism. When industrial field enzymes have one their job, they leave the production plant with the waste water. The retired enzymes do not last long in the surrounding environment which the nature has many microorganism which easily break down enzymes into a single simple organic compound containing both both a GEOLOGY 101 REPORT


carboxyl (—COOH) and an amino (—NH 2) group which are used to build up life around us. Any enzymes that breaks down protein into its building blocks, amino acids is called a protease. Also, the fact that there are dangerous and unsafe waste product makes industrial field enzymes the most environmental friendly solution to the most industrial problems. Protease are a class of medication developed to fight HIV infection. They work by blocking the protease enzyme which results of HIV that are unable to infect other cells. There are only a few FDA approved. It can also be used as Papain which is a medicine that contains a substances called enzymes that help break down proteins. Also, in manufacturing, papain is used in cosmetics, toothpaste, enzymes soft contact lens cleaners, meat tenderizers and meat product. It is also used to stabilize and chill proofing beer. The disadvantage of it is that it is the side effects. One side effect is high blood sugar and subsequent development of diabetes and another related to how the body absorbs nutrients including fats. This is called lipodystrophy and results in altered dat distribution for example around the belly, loos fast on the dace, loss of muscle in the limbs. There are also increased levels of fat in the

bloodstream with consequences of their own such as
cardiovascular disease or pancreatitis.
Amylase is a digestive enzyme that acts on any
starch in food, breaking it down into smaller
carbohydrates molecules. The enzymes is made in
two places. One, salivary glands in your mouth make
salivary amylase which begins the digestive process
by breaking down starch when you chew your food converting it into maltose, a smaller GEOLOGY 101 REPORT


carbohydrate. when starchy foods like rice or potatoes begin to break down in your mouth, you might detect a slight sweet taste as maltose is released. Cells in your pancreas make another type of amylase called pancreatic amylase which passes through a duct to react your small intestine. Pancreatic amylase completes digestion of carbohydrate producing glucose, a small molecule that is absurd into your blood and carried throughout your body. Pancreatic amylase goes into action after the partially digested food is emptied into the small intenstine and the pH returns to neutral range. Starches continue to be broken into smaller trisaccharides and disaccharides and possibly even into glucose for energy. Ht e primary type of amylase is known as alpha amylase which breaks down the bonds in long starch or glycogen molecules into smaller chains of glucose called dextrin which are easier to digest. Amylase is also produced by...

Bibliography: "What Are Enzymes?" What Are Enzymes? Web. 6 Apr. 2015.
Phillips, Theresa. "Enzymes Used in the Dairy Industry." Web. 6 Apr. 2015.
2014. Web. 6 Apr. 2015.
"Digestive System." Digestive System. Web. 7 Apr. 2015.
7 Apr. 2015.
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