Masood E Laura G 1998, ‘When self-interest is a key to a better environment’, Nature, vol. 395, pp. 428-429.
Mellor, J 1998, ‘Environmental problems and poverty’, Environment, vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 8-13 28-30.
Self-interest is mandatory for effective environment has become an vital issue for the entire world say Masood and Garwin. Masood the editor of Research Fortnight and teaches international science policy at Imperial College London. They focus narrowly over the issue self- interest is a key to effective environment.
In contrast, environmental problems and poverty are inseparable in developing countries. More than 80% of the poor live outside and depend directly or indirectly on agriculture and environment for income. Mellor, director of international food policy research institute, ‘Environmental Problems and Poverty’, explores the environmental and poverty issues of developing as well as developed countries in different way. Both articles provide a practical contribution towards environment.
Masood and Garwin’s article seeks to maintain a connection between economic incentives and services should be provided to society. They argue great incentive is needed to maintain the ecosystem. In addition conservation lead to avoid cost, protecting watershed to provide clean are useful considerations maintained by them. They look narrowly at issues effecting economic incentives to conserve the resources therefore they provide a useful solution that right should be tradable. In fact it is stressed that many services are not yet scarce so requirement of useful rights.
Mellor describes various environmental and poverty problems in different ways. It is stated that with fall in income poverty increases, which may result destruction for survival. Mellor focuses broadly on the problems extensive soil erosion as well as agricultural production are caused due to deforestation as more time required collecting firewood. It is suggested that population control must combined with intensity of land and long term strategies must be planned to reduce poverty. The writer contrasts environmental trade-offs occur due to population growth and reduction in per capital income. Education plays a significant role towards environment, productivity fertilizer to prevent cultivation on hillsides.
Self-interest is a key to better environment is an extremely useful insight for students and businessmen. Although practical tips are provided by them to conserve the environment but writers’ examples are selected rather than solid research. It would have been better if they explained and emphasised more on the purpose or thesis on environment, but for a specific introduction, this article would be practical. One weakness noticed is that illustrations are limited and quite difficult to understand. More diagrams and pictures could make it more interesting. Finally, clear explanation would make understanding much easier.
Environmental problems and poverty is useful for everyone as it is very difficult to survive without agriculture or environment. Mellor views are reactionary but the article was thought-provoking. Perhaps it would have been better for the writer to present things more clearly, this article would be very useful, but for general introduction to the area. More suggestions could provide more solution to the problems. More laws are needed to reduce poverty. Although it provides useful tips to the environmental problems and poverty across the world. Pictures and Diagrams make it more clear and easy to understand. Making
assumptions may be practical in future.
To sum up, readers may gain more knowledge and broad understanding from Mellor article which is quite comprehensive, informative and easy to understand. Perhaps readers may like to read Masood and Laura article as they focus specifically to the issue but they provide useful information and be careful as it is quite difficult to understand. At last, both articles support each other.