Environmental InjusticesDevry University
Environmental justice is a concept that emerged in the United States and has two distinct uses: the first is that it describes a social movement focusing on the fair distribution of environmental burdens and benefits. It is also defined as the fair handling and significant participation of all people with respect to the improvement, execution, and enforcement of ecological laws, rules, and policies. Any act that violates the above-mentioned laws could be termed as an environmental injustice. This includes, but not limited to, air quality, environmental friendly technology, drainage systems, energy and waste management, water quality, fisheries (illegal), forestry (logging), poaching, and mining among others. This paper presents a case study of the Mississippi river, and research on the various environmental injustices carried out in the river. The key words in this paper are environmental justice, health disparities, human rights, heavy metals, and contaminants. Oil-related products.
According to history, African Americans are the major inhabitants of River Mississippi. Oil refineries and industries dealing with petroleum products flock along the banks of the river. This leaves the area population unfairly burdened by health problems associated with proximity to these industrial plants. Polluting industries have typically not been overly accountable to society, and even less so to disadvantaged groups lacking expertise or political voice to fight the injustice. This threatens the human health and hence violating of human rights. (Merrill, 2009, p.59). In addition, the modern drive to dispose dangerous nuclear waste on Indian reservations is environmental inequality. Going by the UN Draft on Human Rights and the Environment, person rights, natural sound surroundings, and sustainable growth are inter-reliant and inseparable. All people have the right to protect and safe...
References: Cuesta, C. D. E. (1998). Environmental injustices, political struggles: Race, class, and the environment. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Garbarino, J. R., Hayes, H.C., Roth, D.A., Antweiler, R.C., Brinton, T.I., & Taylor H. E. (1995). Heavy Metals in the Mississippi River. U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY CIRCULAR 1133
Merrill, R.M., & Brigham Young University Utah (2009 ). Environmental Epidemiology: Principles and Methods. Sudbury, MA: Jones &Bartlett Publishers.
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