In today’s global environment, environmental ethics have become a required practice for everyone around the world. Creating effective strategies for protecting the environment often brings ethical issues to the forefront. When people are confronted with the issues of how to get rid of hazardous waste, air or water pollution, ethics play a major role in the decision when there is an absence of laws to manage the issue.
Environmental ethics is the scientific study of various issues related to the rights of individual on the environment. It is the moral relationship of human being with the environment (Jyoti 94). The actions humans do while on this Earth can affect the rights of all the beings today and in the future. Knowing what is right and wrong can help protect future generations. One must know the standards to help conserve the Earth’s resources and the consequences if they do not.
Environmental ethics is a moral theory that grants moral significance to entities beyond those that are human beings (Jyoti 94). This means that humans not only have rights but all living organisms as well. We must not forget we are not the only creature living and breathing on this Earth. Amar Jyoti points out that there are two ways to approach environmental ethics: Anthropocentrism or humanistic approach and Non-anthropocentrism or ecological approaches. Anthropocentrism states that only humans have intrinsic value or value in themselves. All other things have only instrumental value like being useful to human beings. Some of the main traditions in this approach are as follows: (a) Teleological Tradition- Aristotle watt the main propagator of this tradition. According to him, everything and every object in nature have a purpose, function or utility and it is good if it fulfills its natural function. In this view undisturbed nature may be considers well, whereas under human interference with natural system is considered wrong (Jyoti 95). (b) Utilitarianism- The basic principle of utilitarianism is the greatest good of the greatest good of the greatest number. In this context good has been considered to be either pleasure or the satisfaction of destines (Jyoti 95)/ (c) Deontology- It considers action as independent of its consequences. As act is good or bad because of its consequence but by the very nature of the act itself (Jyoti 95).
Non-Anthropocentric or the ecological approach argues for the moral rights of all non-living things. Some of the important ecological approaches to environmental ethics are as follows: (a) Biocentrism- This view holds that each individual organism in the nature, whether it is an animal, a plant or a micro-organism, is a teleological center of life, having a gold or well-being of its own in sense that it can be benefitted or harmed. (Jyoti 95). (b) Egocentrism- It argues for the right of not just animals but also the inanimate extending moral standing to ecosystems, communities, and this shifting moral consideration from inclivedual objects to the wholes, therefore, also known as ethical holism. Noticing that this principle might require sacrifices of individuals including human beings for the good of the whole (Jyoti 96). (c) Deep Ecological Ethics- it considers that all living things are alike in having value in their own right independent of their useful him to human purposes, It considers human best one species among equal species, and does not five primary to human wants over and needs of other life forms, It believes that even inanimate object such as rivers and mountains have intrinsic value (Jyoti 96). (d) Ecofeminism- According to Ecofeminism, civilization has been characterized by the made dominated societies for many millennia that show strong hierarchical social organization commerce, occupational specialization and militarism, and manifests itself in al morality conceived in terms of right and rules, whereas women conceives of morality in terms of relationship and...
Cited: Beauchamp, Tom L., Norman E. Bowie and Dennis G. Arnold. "Ethical Issues Regarding the Natural Environment." Ethical Theory and Business. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2009. 512-570. Book.
"Electronic Waste Environmental Effects." Electronic Waste Prevention. Recycling for Charities. Web. 03 May 2012. <http://www.recyclingforcharities.com/environmental-effects-of-e-waste.php>.
Jyoti, Amar. "Environmental Ethics: Initiatives for the Removal of Environmental Problems." International Journal of Education & Allied Sciences 2.2 (2010): 93-100. Academic Online Search from Kent Library for “Environmental Ethics”. 3 May 2012.
Townsend, Timothy G. "Environmental Issues and Management Strategies for Waste Electronic and Electrical Equipment." Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 61.6 (2011): 587-610. Academic Online Search from Kent Library for “Environmental Issues”. 3 May 2012.
V. Çimen, et al. "Environmental Issues of Climate Change and Economical and Political Approaches Used In Analysis of These Problems." Trakia Journal of Sciences 9.4 (2011): 50-62. Academic Online Search from Kent Library for “Global Warming”. 3 May 2012.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document