Environmental Degradation

Topics: Water, Water resources, Water supply Pages: 17 (5689 words) Published: June 18, 2013
ntal Content:

I. Introduction ………………………………………………………………………3 II. Definition and Types of environmental degradation………………………........4-9 III. Causes of environmental degradation...........................................................10-11 IV. Solutions to Environmental Degradation…………………………………………...11-12 V. Conclusion………………………………………………………………………….13-15 VI. Bibliography ………………………………………………….......……………..16

Introduction
For my Research Paper topic I had chosen this one, something in which I'm interested. I'll explain. Honestly, I had never been interested in Ecology. I thought that there is no any connection between Ecology and my future profession, Marketing. I was wrong. Ecology is one of the units of Marketing. Now I know that there exist the term «Ecological Marketing». In selecting the theme proposing us by teacher, I had chosen « Environmental Degradation» for several reasons. Firstly, the Environmental Degradation is one of the most important problems in the world. It has its own causes, consequences, solutions. Secondly, I had said before that Ecology is directly connected with Marketing. I think, I have to be interested in this science. Thirdly, I find this topic interesting. I heard a lot of causes of Environmental Degradation and I want to analyze them by myself. That is all my reasons of choosing exactly this theme. In the course of my work on the Research Paper, I will cover three scholar articles to understand topic better. I would also like to answer the following questions:

* What is environmental degradation?
* What are causes of environmental degradation?
* What kind of solutions to Environmental Degradation do we know?

Environmental Degradation
What is environmental degradation?
This is a term used to describe a situation in which a part of the natural environment is damaged. It can be used to refer to damage to the land, to water or the air. Environmental degradation can also mean a loss of biodiversity and a loss of natural resources in an area. Environmental degradation is not a new thing, it has been happening all over the world for centuries. The problem is that it is now occurring at a much faster rate, therefore not leaving enough time for the environment to recover and regenerate. The greater demands placed on the environment by an ever increasing human population is putting a great strain and drain on the earth’s limited natural resources. Environmental degradation is a serious threat to the lives of people, animals and plants, making it imperative that we stop further degradation from occurring.

Types of environmental degradation
There are many different types of environmental degradation. Some of the main types in Namibia are soil erosion, deforestation, bush encroachment, desertification and salinisation.

Soil erosion
Soil erosion is the gradual wearing a way of soil by either physical breakdown or chemical solution which is then transported away by means of water, wind or ice to another location. Soil erosion is the leading cause of damage to our soils, leaving them barren and ultimately less productive. It can take centuries to create just a few centimeters of soil and only a few moments to destroy the same few centimeters. Today the rate of erosion has been speeded up by human activities. Consequently making soil erosion an ever-increasing problem. Soil erosion results from the ways that people use the land. Practices such as tree felling cause deforestation, and can lead to soil erosion. The removed trees would usually guard the soil from rain and wind as their roots hold the soil in place. Additionally many land owners cut down trees to create space in which to plant crops and raise animals which eventually can lead to soil erosion.

Soil salinisation
This is a type of environmental degradation that is particularly common in naturally dry areas that undergo irrigation and do not allow for any fallow periods for the land to recover....

Bibliography: 1. Climate Change – Basic Information (2009) Retrieved 28 May, 2010 from http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/basicinfo.html
2. Environmental Degradation (n.d.) Retrieved 28 May, 2010 from http://library.thinkquest.org/26026/Science/environmental_degradation.html
3. Pollution (n.d.) Retrieved 28 May, 2010 from http://www.bcb.uwc.ac.za/Sci_Ed/grade10/ecology/conservation/poll.htm
Web sites:
http://www.nied.edu.na/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
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