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Environment Report

By jack_james96 Apr 13, 2015 2973 Words
 Task 3: Know the environmental considerations associated with outdoor and adventurous activities. In this report, I will talk about the impact to consider when out in the environment and how some things can be changed to try and prevent damaged what people might cause when out in the environment. Environmental Considerations

When assessing the impact of the outdoor adventurous activities on the environment, the public’s use on the environment may have to be taken into consideration because of the damage they may inflict on the environment around them. Certain things in the environment are trying to be protected, such as flora and fauna so they can naturally grow throughout the mountains and waters.

Flora and Fauna
Flora is to do with the local plants and vegetation’s in a certain area on the mountains or around the open waters. An example of this is in Borrowdale, Lake District, where you can expect to see the Bog Asphodel which is the top right photo. Another example of what you might see in the Lake District is the water avens which is on your left. And another example of flora you might expect to see while at the Lake District is the harebell which is the bottom right photo.

Fauna is to do with the local animals in a particular area around open waters or on the mountains. An example of fauna is in Borrowdale, Lake District, where can see some peregrine falcons which is left photo out of the 3. Other examples of fauna in the Lake District is the red squirrel (the right photo) and the golden eagle (the middle photo).

Land Access
The CROW (Countryside Right Of Way) act 2000 only applies to England and Wales. It contains 5 parts and they are: 1. The act provides for public access on foot to certain types of lands. 2. It amends the law relating to public rights of way.

3. It increases the measures for the management and protection for Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). 4. It strengthens wildlife enforcement legislation.
5. It provides for better management of Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). The symbol to the right means that you are able to walk, run, explore, climb and watch wildlife without having to stay on any paths on over 865,000 hectares of mountain, moorland, heathland, down land and registered common land (mapped under the CROW act 2000). The symbol on the right is normally used to mark the end of an area-wide access, although other access rights may exist, such as the public rights of ways. Symbol

Types of Access
Description

Footpath
Open to walkers only, way marked with a yellow arrow.

Bridleway
Open to walkers, horse riders and cyclists, way marked with a blue arrow.

Restricted byway
Open to walkers, cyclists, horse riders and horse-drawn vehicles, way marked with a plum coloured arrow.

Byway open to all traffic (BOAT)
Open to walkers, cyclist, horse-riders and horse-drawn vehicles and motor vehicles, way marked by a red arrow.

National Trail Acorn
Identifies 15 long distance routes in England and Wales. All are open for walking and some trails are also suitable for cyclists, horse riders and people with limited mobility. Wildlife
This is the protection, preservation, conservation, management, or restoration of the wildlife and of natural resources, such as forests, soil and water. To preserve something means to keep and protect something, in its intended form for its intended purpose. We practise preservation of our forests by not chopping them down or setting fires to them. We preserve great works of art by keeping them in glass cases with humidity and temperature controls but to preserve the wildlife, they protect the animals by fencing them off. We also conserve animal wildlife by putting them in a conservation area so that they are safe from any hunters. There are punishments in many countries for hunting animals, especially rare animals. Countryside code

This code is a guideline for what to do while walking in the countryside or on any mountain side. The countryside code consists of 5 main headline points that come under the banner of ‘Respect-Protect-Enjoy,’ and they are: 1. Be safe- Plan ahead and follow any signs.

2. Leave gates and other properties as you found them.
3. Protect plants and animals, and take your litter home with you. 4. Keep dogs under close control.
5. Consider other people when walking.
Pollution
There are 5 main types of pollution that people can bring to the countryside or on mountains exploring them and they are: 1. Noise pollution- walking in big groups and talking to each other loudly can cause noise pollution on the environment. 2. Visual pollution- This is caused when large groups of people walk together or when the council put up signs on the mountain side. 3. Air pollution- This can be caused by the fumes from cars and by also burning fires in the environment. 4. Rubbish pollution- Dropping your rubbish while walking instead of putting in your bag and taking it with you can cause rubbish pollution. 5. Chemical pollution-This can be caused by pesticides that used when farming to control certain weeds, insects and fungi.

National Nature Reserves
We have national parks so that the native plants and animals are protected from being destroyed or killed. National parks also help us understand about the environment and it shows us how animals live in their natural habitat. All national parks will let people do some activities while there, such as swimming, skiing, taking photos, hill walking and rock climbing. But the national parks will close down when it is breeding season so that the animals aren’t disturbed and this would help push the numbers of that animal’s population up. National parks also keep the environment that the animals are living in clean for the animals and any people that might be hill walking. Examples of national parks are Peak District, Snowdonia and the Lake District. Problem

Description
Control Measures
Likelihood of original strategy to minimise impact working?
Alternative strategy from your experience at Glaramara
Path erosion
This is the loss of a path due the substantial pressure of people constantly walking on it. You can walk on alternate paths to stop the paths from being completely destroyed. The likelihood of my strategy working is moderate depending on how willing people are to use alternate paths instead of using the same paths. Try using different paths instead of using the same ones. Try not to use the same path when walking back. Visual impact

This is when people travel in large groups or put up man-made signs to take the natural beauty out of the environment. Travel in smaller groups to minimize the visual impact on the environment. Also, put up minimal signs up to reduce visual pollution The likelihood of my strategy working is high because if the groups are kept small, they won’t cause as much of an eye sore for the natural environment. The instructors talked to each other about walking on different routes so they didn’t walk on the same route as another group. Litter

This is when you drop your rubbish/litter in the environment. Keep your rubbish on you or put it in your bag or in your pockets until you find a bin to put it in. The likelihood of my strategy working is high because before the leader sets off, they will say keep your rubbish in your bag or on you to stop people from littering. Reduce the amount of packaging on the food that you take out with you. Noise pollution

Noise pollution is the disturbance of humans and the animals within the environment which is caused by noise. You can walk in small groups (1-4 people) to reduce the noise that the group will produce. The likelihood of my strategy working is likely because if the group sizes have been reduced, there will be less people to make noise. We kept close together as a group so that we didn’t have to shout to get each other’s attention. Chemical pollution

This is when you spill poisonous or dangerous liquids in lakes which harm the animals living within them. Take as little vehicles as possible so there won’t be as much carbon emissions going into the environment to avoid harming any animals in the surrounding area. The likelihood of my strategy working is very likely because they will travel with each other instead of travelling by themselves to stop as many carbon emissions from going into the environment. We took 2 vehicles which was a coach and a mini bus stop everyone travelling there individually.

Problem
Description
Control Measures
Likelihood of original strategy to minimise impact working?
Alternative strategy from your experience at Glaramara
Path erosion
This is the loss of a path due the substantial pressure of people constantly walking on it. You can walk on alternate paths or across the grass to stop the paths from being completely destroyed and to try and get to the next control point the fastest. The likelihood of my strategy working is highly likely because people will want to finish first at orienteering so they will take the quickest routes which will involve going off paths. Split the group up and into 3 or 4 different groups and make each group do a different orienteering course than the other groups. Visual impact

This is when people travel in large groups or put up man-made signs to take the natural beauty out of the environment. Travel in small groups (pairs) or by yourself to minimize the visual impact on the environment. Also, put up minimal signs up to reduce visual pollution. The likelihood of my strategy working is high because when orienteering, the groups are kept small or they are by themselves so they won’t cause as much of an eye sore for the natural environment. The instructors set each individual to a different starting control point so that they are not in a group when they are orienteering. Litter

This is when you drop your rubbish/litter in the environment. Keep any rubbish that you have on you in your bag or in your pockets until you find a bin to put it in. The likelihood of my strategy working is high because before the leader sets the group off to go orienteering, they will say to keep your rubbish in your bag or on you to stop people from littering. Reduce the amount of packaging on the food that you take out with you so you won’t have much litter to carry around with you. Noise pollution

Noise pollution is the disturbance of humans and the animals within the environment which is caused by noise. You can walk in small groups (pairs) or by yourself to reduce the noise that the group will produce if they stayed together. The likelihood of my strategy working is likely because if the group sizes have been reduced to pairs or individuals, there will be less people to make any noise. The leader set each individual off to a different control point to start off so that they won’t go around in big groups or all one group. Disturbance of flora and fauna

This is when people disrupt the natural life of any rare plants or animals. Tell the group to not go in any vegetation areas so that they won’t be able to destroy anything valuable in there. The likelihood of my strategy working is moderate because the group leader will tell them not to go in them but they will want to finish the course the fastest which might include going through a vegetation area. Tell the group before you set them off to go around all vegetation areas to avoid destroying anything valuable inside them.

Problem
Description
Control Measures
Likelihood of original strategy to minimise impact working?
Alternative strategy from your experience at Glaramara
Path erosion
This is the loss of a path due the substantial pressure of people constantly walking on it. You can go in small groups so the damage of the path is not as much as a big group. The likelihood of my strategy working is moderate because there will still be people walking on the path most of the time. We got split into different groups and different groups went at different times to try and reduce the impact of path erosion. Visual impact

This is when people travel in large groups or put up man-made signs to take the natural beauty out of the environment. You can get the group to climb individually instead of setting most of the group off to reduce the visual impact on the environment. The likelihood of my strategy working is high because if the groups are kept small so there isn’t many climbing at the same time, they won’t cause as much of an eye sore for the natural environment. The instructors split up the group into small groups and get them to spread out and climb so that the whole group doesn’t create too much of an eye sore. Litter

This is when you drop your rubbish/litter in the environment. Keep your rubbish on you or put it in your bag or in your pockets until you find a bin to put it in so that other members of the public won’t see the mess of rubbish on the floor is you drop it. The likelihood of my strategy working is high because there isn’t much rubbish that you could take so there won’t be a lot of littering because they will keep their rubbish on them. Reduce the amount of packaging on the drinks bottles that you take with you. Noise pollution

Noise pollution is the disturbance of humans and the animals within the environment which is caused by noise. You can split the whole group up and get them to climb in small groups (1-4 people) to reduce the noise that the whole group will produce. The likelihood of my strategy working is likely because if the group sizes have been reduced, there will be less people to make noise. We got put into groups of 3 so there wouldn’t be as much noise as if we were as one big group. Chemical pollution

This is when you spill poisonous or dangerous liquids in lakes which harm the animals living within them. Take as little vehicles as possible so there won’t be as much carbon emissions going into the environment. The likelihood of my strategy working is very likely because they will travel as a group on a coach or a mini bus, depending how many is in the group so they will have taken less vehicles. We took 2 vehicles which was a coach and a mini bus stop instead of having everyone travelling there individually.

Problem
Description
Control Measures
Likelihood of original strategy to minimise impact working?
Alternative strategy from your experience at Glaramara
River bank erosion
This is the loss of a river bank due the substantial pressure of people constantly walking on it. You can put a concrete slab down so that the ground cannot get destroyed much more. The likelihood of my strategy working is moderate because there will still be a lot of people walking on the eroded river bank. We made sure that we went kayaking one group at a time so we reduced the impact on the river bank. Visual impact

This is when people travel in large groups or put up man-made signs to take the natural beauty out of the environment. Go kayaking in small groups to minimize the visual impact on the environment. The likelihood of my strategy working is high because if the groups are kept small, they won’t cause as much of an eye sore for the natural environment. The instructors talked to each other about walking on different routes so they didn’t walk on the same route as another group. Litter

This is when you drop your rubbish/litter in the environment. Don’t take anything out on to the water with you so you can’t drop the rubbish into the water and potentially harm any animals. The likelihood of my strategy working is highly likely because no one takes any rubbish out on to the water while kayaking. No one took anything disposable out onto the water so there was no chance of us littering in the water. Noise pollution

Noise pollution is the disturbance of humans and the animals within the environment which is caused by noise. Keep the group close together and travel as a group so that you don’t have to shout as loud so that the group can hear you.

The likelihood of my strategy working is likely because if the group sizes have been reduced, there will be less people in the group so that you wouldn’t have to shout as much. The instructor got us to hold on to another pairs kayak so that we was in 2 rows of 4 and that he didn’t have to shout as loud so that all of the group could hear him. Chemical pollution

This is when you spill poisonous or dangerous liquids in lakes which harm the animals living within them. Don’t drop or spill any harmful or dangerous liquids into the lake to avoid harming any of the animals that live within them. The likelihood of my strategy working is Highly likely because no one will be carrying any harmful or dangerous liquids so they won’t be able to drop any in the lake. We put all of our possessions in a changing room and locked it up so that the only thing we took out on to the water was a paddle.

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