Q3. What is Environment? Why is it essential for management students & practitioners to study environment & its management? Answer:-
Environmental Protection Act (1986) defined “Environment as the sum total of water, air and land, their interrelationship among themselves and with the human beings, other living beings and property.” The important things in the environment that we value are called ‘Natural Resources’. There are 2 types. 1. Renewable Natural Resources: - They grow naturally when we use them. For e.g. Fish, sunlight and forests. 2. Non-renewable Natural Resources: - Important things in the environment that do not come back naturally, for example ores and fossil fuels.
Environmental Management: - ‘A purposeful activity with the goal to maintain and improve the state of environmental resources affected by human activities’.
Objectives of Environmental Studies:
According to UNESCO (1971), the objectives of environmental studies are: (a) Creating the awareness about environmental problems among people. (b) Imparting basic knowledge about the environment and its allied problems. (c) Developing an attitude of concern for the environment.
(d) Motivating public to participate in environment protection and environment improvement. (e) Acquiring skills to help the concerned individuals in identifying and solving environmental problems. (f) Striving to attain harmony with Nature.
Need for managers to study Environment Management: -
In ecology, sustainability is how biological systems remain diverse and productive. Long-lived and healthy wetlands and forests are examples of sustainable biological systems. Healthy ecosystems and environments are necessary to the survival of humans and other organisms. Ways of reducing negative human impact are environment-friendly chemical engineering, environmental resources management and environmental protection. Environmental Managers play major role in: -
i. Keeping track of hazardous materials and informing the public of possible harm to humans and the environment ii. Minimizing waste and preventing pollution
iii. Identifying and minimizing environmental impacts from the organization’s activities iv. Raising environmental and social responsibility awareness v. Establishing programs for sustainable resource use
vi. Set up an information sharing system to assure institutional coordination vii. Prepare and release annual ‘sustainability’ reports
Q5. Write short notes on ‘Environmental Audit’ & ‘Life Cycle Assessment’. Answer: -
1. http://www.snh.org.uk/publications/on-line/advisorynotes/45/45.htm 2. http://www.environmentalauditors.com.au/what-is-an-environmental-audit.html 3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Life-cycle_assessment
A] Environmental Audit: -
Environmental Audit reflects various types of evaluations intended to identify the gaps between the environmental compliance and management system implementation and suggest the related corrective actions. Many types of audit have been carried out by companies: - 1] Compliance Audit: - The most common type of audit consisting of checks against environmental legislation and company policy; 2] Issues Audit: - An evaluation of how a company's activities relate to an environmental issue or (e.g. global pollution, energy use) or an evaluation of a specific issue (e.g. buildings, supplies) 3] Health and Safety Audit: - An assessment of risks and contingency planning (sometimes merged with environmental auditing because of the interconnected impacts of industrial processes and hazards) 4] Site Audit: - An audit of a particular site to examine actual or potential environmental problems 5] Corporate Audit: - An audit of the whole company and its polices, structures, procedures and practices 6] Due Diligence Audit: - An assessment of potential environmental and financial risks and liabilities carried out before a company merger or site acquisition or divestiture (e.g. contaminated land remediation costs) 7]...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document