Large population of India is dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. But Indian agriculture is low productive are with large number of disguised unemployed. Present paper is an attempt to highlight the importance of developing entrepreneurship in the area of agriculture. Agripreneurship is solution to many economic problems like urbanization, poverty, unemployment and economic development. It helps in rural development. But development of entrepreneurship in the areas of agriculture requires special skills like human development, knowledge of agriculture, knowledge of global agriculture market.
Indian economy is basically agrarian economy. On 2.4 percent of world land India is managing 16 percent of world population. At the time of independence, more than half of the national income was contributed by agriculture. At the same time more than 70 percent of total population was dependent on agriculture. The first five year plan has emphasis on agriculture development. Also the green revolution strategies adopted during 60s has contributed a lot in making India self sufficient in food production. With advent of new economic policy adopted since 1991, the picture has changed drastically. The contribution of agriculture in national income has declined to 26 percent and that of service sector has increased to more than half of the total national income. Service sector is emerging as driver of economic growth. Service sector, though growing at faster rate in term of income generation, has contributed little in terms of employment generation. Employment opportunities in the service sector are basically for educated and skilled manpower and are centered in urban centers. Uneducated and unskilled mass of India population, living in rural areas are not fitting in to the employment market created by service sector growth. They are therefore depends in agriculture for their livelihood. With employment of more than 50 percent of labour force agriculture sector is major employment provider even today. The seasonal nature of agriculture and lack of irrigation facilities creates problem of seasonal and cyclical unemployment. Large numbers of persons employed in agriculture are of disguised nature. They seem to be employed but their marginal productivity is zero. Withdrawing of some of the persons from agriculture will not affect agriculture production at all. Disguised nature of agriculture forced the people to migrate from rural to urban areas creating pressure on cities in terms of additional facilities for housing, sanitation, water and also employment. The situation of an uneducated, unskilled rural labour migrating from rural to urban areas is like second class citizens without their own identity. This situation can be changed by generating employment opportunities for them in rural areas itself. Agro entrepreneurship can be used as best medicine for the solution of this problem. Developing entrepreneurs in agriculture will solve all the problem viz. (a) reduce the burden of agriculture (b) generate employment opportunities for rural youth (c) control migration form rural to urban areas (d) increase national income (e) support industrial development in rural areas (f) reduces the pressure on urban cities etc. The aim of present paper is to highlight the type of self-employment opportunities which can be generated in agriculture through the development of entrepreneurship skills. Following areas offer to appear a good hope for future; (1) Food processing an packaging
(2) Preservation of seasonal vegetables
(3) Preservation of seasonal fruits
(4) Seed processing and preservation
(5) Use of solar community dehydration centers for seeds (6) Selective farming for vegetables and flowers seedlings This is also not an exhaustive list. I the filed of preservations, the role of women and cooperatives can be explored to best extent. Agro based industries to be planned in away that major products may be manufactured...
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