Jacqulyn Summer Aleman
November 22, 2011
Sub- Saharan Africa has continued to struggled with diseases, extreme poverty, high child mortality, and starvation do to poor farming habits and farming in over used and under fertilized land. Africa’s sub-Saharan region is filled with undeveloped rural areas, with there government not seeing the priority of fixing the awful living conditions the people are left to survive as best as they can with little food and health issues. With the great amount of land in Africa’s sub- Saharan region it is occupied with small farm holders that have no way of affording new farming technology. In response to this the farmers lose crop, digging them into deeper holes. Green Revolutions have swept over countries in need of agricultural help dating back to the 1940’s they have included: Mexico, India, Pakistan and Asia. With these Green Revolutions countries have been redeveloped and built up to agricultural standards to produce a plenteous amount of product. Africa’s sub-Saharan regions need government and private company support and financing to develop better farming and bring agricultural stores closer to the small farm holders. The Green Revolution taking action in Africa is the jump- start to development and a healthier living in Africa’s rural and farming areas.
Before the Green Revolution came to Africa the crop production was less then average production of countries around the world. Farmers couldn’t make enough money to better their needs making the seeds and land used tired and unfertile. Jeffrey D. Sachs, the director of the Earth Institute at Columbia University shares the statistics that on average African farmers seeds are yielding (producing) a metric ton or tonne of grain per hectare (Sachs 42). A hectare is the equivalent to 2.5 acres with only 2,205 pounds of grain; “their seeds yield 1/3 of what other continents seeds are yielding” (Sachs 42). He further explains, “There are few Afrifarmers (Africa farmers) with millions of dependents stuck in collapsing conditions (Sachs 42). With the low amount of production the farmers are not being able to sell their products, therefore, they are not able to buy better seeds. With the small communities that surround the farms the peoples main source for food along with source to produce to sell their own goods, there was no way of their system to work. With no money coming in or going out the people are stuck in a never-ending circle. Mr. Able Treore a farmer in rural Africa says since the Green Revolution, “his increase in harvests has gone up 50 percent in two years…development is bringing…affordable technology…educating farmers about improved seed…” (AGRA). Within the short amount of time the Green Revolution has been sweeping through Africa small town projects have been finished with a good outcome. When farmers have a better way to farm, with rich fertilizer and greater bearing seeds there communities have hope to grow again and strive through their produce. In having money flow in African rural communities again, farmers and families are able to afford traveling to make profit from crops. There is a need for help, as the first African American mayor of Seattle, Washington, Norman B. Rice once wrote, “Dare to reach out your hand into the darkness, to pull another hand into the light.” (Norman 2). The Green Revolution is pulling Africa’s agriculture back into the light; building and developing money flow to help support healthier communities.
As farmers are dealing with the agricultural problems the health of the people in the rural Sub-Saharan regions are falling. Richard J. Blaustein published writer of BioSceince writes in an featured section about the Green Revolution arriving in Africa, “population in the sub-Saharan Africa region is growing, with about 70% now living in the rural areas, yet African agriculture is not growing fast enough to meet the dietary needs of...
Cited: Blaustein, Richard J. “The Green Revolution Arrives in Africa”. BioScience. 58.1 (2008): 8-14.
and development in Africa”. Journal of International Affairs. 58.2(2005): 35-64. EBSCO. Web. 10 Nov 2011.
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