Hoofd periodes, sub-periodes en invasie volkeren:
1. Prehistoric Britain. +/- 800 BC - 55 BC
Celts (5th century BC)
2. Roman Britain. 55 BC – 400 AD
3. The Old English or Anglo-Saxon Period 500 – 1066
Soon after the romans left, Britain was attacked by Germanic tribes, mainly Angles and Saxons.
Anglo-Saxon settlements (410 AD – 800 AD)
The Vikings (The Danes) (800 AD – 978 AD)
Downfall of Saxon England (978 AD – 1066 AD)
4. The Middle English Period 1066 – 1500
5. The Renaissance 1500 – 1600
The Early Tudor Period (1485 – 1550)
The Flowering of the Renaissance, or Elizabethan Period (1557 – 1625)
Around 5th century BC came the Celts.
Different forms of their language are still spoken today: Welsh Wales, and Gaelic in parts of Scotland (the Picts) and Ireland
Around 400 AD the Romans were forced to leave Britain and return to Rome, to defend it against the attacks of the Germanic tribes.
Extra: A great Wall
The most impressive Roman remains is the Hadrian Wall built in the north of England at the most northern frontier of the Roman Empire by emperor Hadrian. Its purpose was to protect Roman Britain against the warlike tribes (the Scots and the Picts) that lived north of the wall (now Scotland)
The Anglo-Saxon, Danish and Norman Invasions (400 AD – 1066 AD)
Soon after the Romans left, Britain was attacked by Germanic tribes, mainly Angles and Saxons (also by Jutes)
The distinctive character of modern English is Nordic + a bit of Welsh
Nordic German, Anglo-Saxon + Scandinavian peoples
Extra: A King out of a Legend
The invaders found conquest easily until a King called Arthur united the British and defeated the invaders in many battles. The result was that the Anglo-Saxon advance was halted for about 50 years.
Anglo-Saxon settlements (410/ 420 AD – 1066 AD)
Old English / Anglo-Saxon: most of the days of the week (in English) are named