English Language and Mother Tongue

Topics: India, English language, Education policy Pages: 6 (5483 words) Published: October 29, 2014
Research Journal of Educational Sciences ______________________________________________ISSN 2321-0508 Vol. 2(2), 1-6, May (2014)
Res. J. Educational Sci.

English and Medium of Instruction: Dalit Discourse in Indian Education Dhanaraju Vulli
Department of History, Assam University (Central University), Diphu Campus, Assam, INDIA

Available online at: www.isca.in, www.isca.me
Received 8th April 2014, revised 18th April 2014, accepted 30th April 2014

Abstract
There are two types of school system India in the issue of medium of instruction i.e the regional language system and the English language system. There is a clear cut division between the uppers castes elite children and Dalit children in getting of English medium education in Indian society. The Dalits children are given education in regional language schools while English language school education is meant for the upper castes children. This division has always been reflecting between government and private English medium schools. In the name of mother tongue the state and the upper caste elite always compel the regional medium of instruction in the policy making. This was one of the current problems in Indian Educational system. This paper can be divided into four parts. The first part will highlight the language policy after Indian Independence. The second part discusses the concept of mother tongue and its importance in the contextualizing of educational discourse in India. In the third part I would highlight the current debate on language policy and its importance in the Indian educational system. This is very important in the understanding of politics of medium of language in the present educational discourse. The last part deals with the response of the Dalits towards the English education and how they attack the upper caste nature towards regional medium education. In an attempt to locate the importance of educational policy in the wider socio-historical and political context, I will address an ideological deconstruction of politics of mother tongue in the present Indian educational system.

Keywords: English education, language, mother tongue, globalization.

Introduction
The question as to which language should be used as a medium of instruction in country like India is a debatable subject. The question is often posed in binary terms: Should the medium of instruction be a regional language or English? Language is a vehicle for learning as well as expression of ideas. An advanced language (English) helps in mentally provide people to

communicate each other across the world. On the other hand, an underdeveloped language has its limitations. It keeps people underdeveloped, more so those in deprived sections. The school system is divided into two types in the context of medium of instruction i.e the regional language system and the English language system. There is a clear cut division between the

uppers castes elite children and Dalit children in getting of English medium education in Indian society. The dalits
cholderns are given education in regional language schools while English language school education is meant for the upper castes children. This division has always been reflecting between
government and private English medium schools. In the name of mother tongue the state and the upper caste elite always compel the regional medium of instruction in the policy making. This was one of the current problems in Indian Educational system.

India. In the third part I will highlight the current debate on language policy and its importance in the Indian educational system. This is very important in the understanding of politics of medium of language in the present educational discourse. The last part discusses the response of the Dalits towards the English education and how they attack the upper caste nature towards role of mother tongue in the Indian education .In an attempt to locate the importance of educational policy in the wider...

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