English Grammar: Usage of Tenses

Topics: Grammatical aspect, Question, Past tense Pages: 3 (396 words) Published: October 2, 2013
The Present Perfect
Continuous
By Hazel Fallas (HF) and Adrian Sanchez (AS)

USE 1 Duration from the Past Until Now
• We use the Present Perfect Continuous to show
that something started in the past and has
continued up until now.
• "For five minutes," "for two weeks," and "since
Tuesday" are all durations which can be used with
the Present Perfect Continuous.

Example Use 1
• It began raining two hours ago.
• It is STILL raining now.
It has been raining for two hours.
• This is the present perfect
continuous tense.

USE 2 Recently, Lately
• We can also use the Present Perfect Continuous
WITHOUT a duration such as "for two weeks."
• Without the duration, the tense has a more
general meaning of "lately." We often use the
words "lately" or "recently" to emphasize this
meaning.

Example Use 2
• Recently, I have been feeling really
tired.
• She has been watching too much
television lately.
• Have you been exercising lately?

Non-Continuous Verbs
• Non-Continuous Verbs cannot be used in any
continuous tenses.
• Instead of using Present Perfect Continuous
with these verbs, you must use Present Perfect.
• Examples:
• Sam has been having his car for two years.
Not Correct
• Sam has had his car for two years. Correct

Adverb Placement
• The examples below show the placement for
grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never,
ever, still, just, etc.
• Examples:
• You have only been waiting here for one hour.
• Have you only been waiting here for one hour?

Form
• This grammar has 3 parts:

Negative Form
• Has + NOT + been + –ing
• Have + NOT + been + –ing
• Allan has not been living in Peru for very long.
(or hasn’t been living)
• We have not been exercising very much recently.
(or haven’t been exercising)

Questions
• Can you guess how to make the question form of
the present perfect continuous?
• Just put HAVE or HAS before the subject:
• Have I been walking?
• Has he been cooking?
• For WH...
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