English Glossary of Terms

Topics: Figure of speech, Rhetorical question, Oxymoron Pages: 3 (957 words) Published: August 24, 2013
English Glossary of Terms
Alliteration: The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words. Example: Carrie's cat clawed her couch, creating chaos.
Assonance: In poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong in non rhyming stressed syllables. Example: I must confess that in my quest I felt depressed and restless. Anecdote: An account regarded as unreliable or hearsay.

Example: High school students go around the classroom telling their favourite memories from elementary school. Simile: A figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind. Example: I am as strong as a lion.

Personification: The attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality, Example: The wind howled its mighty objection.
Metaphor: A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable. Example: He is the apple of my eye - There is, of course, no real apple in a person's eye. The "apple" is someone beloved and held dear. Jargon: Special words or expressions that are used by a particular profession or group and are difficult for others to understand. Example: Gigabyte

Euphemism: A mild or indirect word or expression for one too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing. Example: Letting someone go instead of firing someone.
Cliché: Platitude: a trite or obvious remark.
Example: Time will tell: This means that something will be revealed or become clear over time. Hyperbole: Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally. Example: It was so cold, I saw polar bears wearing jackets.

Pun: A joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings. Example: People are choosing cremation over traditional burial. It shows that they...
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