Construction Waste Generation in Malaysia
Ain Nadiah bt. Ismail
International Islamic University Malaysia
Ain Nadiah bt Ismail, Department of Quantity Surveying, International Islamic University Malaysia. Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Ain Nadiah bt Ismail, Department of Quantity Surveying Mahallah Halimatus Sa’adiah, International Islamic University Malaysia, 53100 Gombak. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The purpose of this study is to examine the viewpoints of Kuliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design (KAED) students from the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) in regard to material waste generation in construction industry. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the factors for construction waste generation and the barriers that limit the practice of construction waste management in Malaysia. This study used quantitative methodological approach and questionnaire was used as the instrument. Thirty respondents participated in this study. The results indicated that poor or inadequate material storage was the main contributory factor for construction waste generation in Malaysia. Meanwhile, lack of construction waste management technology was the main barrier that limited the practice of construction waste management in Malaysia. It can be concluded that construction sites in Malaysia are relatively limited in space and Malaysia lacks technological advancement in practicing construction waste management. This study may have implications for key players in construction industry as they may minimize their waste in particular projects by knowing the factors and being able to avoid the barriers that limit the practice of waste management found in this study. Few limitations were experienced while conducting this study which were ambiguity of questions in the questionnaire and respondents’ lack of knowledge and experience in the construction industry. Future researchers are advised to revise their questionnaires and search for respondents who have experience working in the construction industry.
Keywords: construction, waste generation, waste management, material
Construction Waste Generation in Malaysia
Construction industry serves a crucial role in meeting the needs of society and improving the quality of life (Shen & Tam, 2002; Tse, 2001). In achieving sustainable development, it is important to maintain a balance between building the built environment and preserving the natural environment (Al-Hajj & Hamani, 2011). Thus, good waste management is an important consideration of sustainable development in which it is beneficial to the environment and construction firms. (Faniran & Caban, 1998). It is however, regrettable that findings show that environment faces many problems due to rapid development in construction industry. According to Ball, Morledge and Jackson (as cited in Adinyira, Agyekum & Ayarkwa, 2012) material waste, noise, dust and water are among pollutants that resulted from construction activities. Due to that, Alwi, Hampson and Mohamed (2002) stated that the output of construction and performance of projects have lessened. Faniran and Caban (1998) also stated that raw materials used in construction industry deplete due to the generation of construction waste. Nevertheless, very little research has been done regarding factors that contribute to construction waste generation and barriers that limit the practice of construction waste management. Therefore, this research seeks to examine the viewpoints of Kuliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design (KAED) students from the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) with regard to material waste generation in construction industry. Waste in the context of construction industry can be defined as time and effort invested in a project without adding value to it (Ndihokubwayo & Haupt, 2010). Other...
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