ENGLISH AS MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION IN THE NEW GLOBAL
Rajarshi Shahu College, Parbhani
The English language is continuing to establish itself as a global lingua franca in a period of unprecedented globalisation. In the last decade educational systems worldwide have shown interest in the adoption of English as a medium of instruction. This paper argues that failure to achieve satisfactory educational outcomes when teaching through English are commonplace in certain countries and some Indian states. Introduction
The choice of English has been viewed from different perspectives. For some, it is part of a steadily developing socio-economic conspiracy. For others, it relates to the need to have a single common utilitarian language. English is viewed as the language which will be increasingly used to serve the demands of the globalizing economies In terms of number of speakers, English is forecast to be in fourth place by 2050,following the Chinese, Hindi/Urdu and Arabic languages. However, in an increasingly interconnected and interdependent world, its first position as a lingua franca for socioeconomic development over the next one hundred years is in little doubt. It is viewed as an essential lever for success in the globalizing economies, and thus it carries the mantle of `the language of power', just as others such as Latin, have done so in certain regions in the past. English has taken root in science, business, and new key professional domains where it has recently been driven by various forms of e-commerce and outsourcing. English as medium of instruction
English is being widely developed on two levels. Firstly, it is being increasingly introduced earlier, and more extensively, in the form of language teaching. Secondly, it is replacing other languages as a medium of instruction. An English-medium education system is one that uses English as the primary medium of instruction – in particular where English is not the mother tongue of the students. Because a working knowledge of English is perceived as being valuable, many states throughout the world where English is not the predominant language encourage or mandate the use of English as the normal medium of instruction. If we take literary review of major countries of world, many policies were gradually abolished in the wake of Canada's adoption of official bilingualism (French/English) in 1969 and multiculturalism in 1971, but English remains the predominant language of education outside of Quebec and New Brunswick. Section 20 of the 1535 Act makes English the only language of the law courts and that those who used Welsh would not be appointed to any public office in Wales: Also be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That all Justices, Commissioners, Sheriffs, Coroners, Escheators, Stewards, and their Lieutenants, and all other Officers and Ministers of the Law, shall proclaim and keep the Sessions Courts, Hundreds, Leets, Sheriffs Courts, and all other Courts in the English Tongue; The success of this 'Indian Education Policy' can perhaps be measured, by the content of the recent address of Dr Manmohan Singh the Prime Minister of India: Of all the legacies of the Raj, none is more important than the English language and the modern school system. In indigenising English, as so many people have done in so many nations across the world, we have made the language our own. Our choice of prepositions may not always be the Queen’s English; we might occasionally split the infinitive; and we may drop an article here and add an extra one there. I am sure everyone will agree, Nevertheless, that English has been enriched by Indian creativity as well and we have given you back R.K. Narayan and Salman Rushdie. Today, English in India is seen as just another Indian language. The Government of Pakistan has recently announced the introduction of English lessons on a phased basis to all schools across...
References: GRADDOL, D. (2005). The future of English. The British Council: London
WRIGHT, S. (2004). Language policy and language planning: From nationalism to
globalisation. Palgrave Macmillan: London.
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