Legalization on Organ Selling
Idaho State University
Dr. Thomas Pfister
5 December 2013
Legalization of Organ Selling
Deborah Kotz’s article on “Women can Sell their Eggs, so why not Kidney” is basically about the legalization of organ transplantation. In this article she argues if women can sell their eggs then why not kidneys? She wants organ selling to be legalized. She also has mentioned other writers like Sally Satel who also thinks organ selling should be legalized (p. 430)... Organ donations will certainly help people in need but lots of other factors come into play with the legalization of organ selling. As a result of legalization on selling organs, a global black market in human organs has developed. Due to this, problem of transplant tourism has emerged, in which wealthy people moves to other countries where there lax in enforcing their laws in order to receive transplants using organs from desperately poor people. In other words, the black market for human organ is contributing to the exploitation of the poor. Donations of eggs are not that dangerous since it can again be produced by human body, but kidney donations are much riskier than donating eggs. Other factors like poverty may play a role in selling organs. A person should only donate the organs if he wants to donate, without any financial pressure. Organ donation should be a voluntary act not a source of income. In this article she is comparing selling eggs with selling kidneys (p. 430). She also wants that donors should be allowed to charge reasonable rates for their organs. She is certainly overlooking the facts that donating kidney is much more risky than donating eggs. She is also not considering the crimes like kidney theft is more prominent. In Journal of Mere Christianity (2006) an article was published with the title Russian Doctors Charged with Organ Stealing. The article was about how the culprit doctors in Russia tried to remove kidneys from the accident victim (p. 51). Once it is legalized then those crime rates will definitely go high and poor people will be the one who gets exploited. In fact, legalization would resulted in increased “discrimination between poor and rich people” because the opportunity for those unable to afford to purchase to receive donated organ will be eliminated. She is right to some extend; if someone is selling their organs then they should be paid reasonably. Certainly the donor should be advantageous but the donor should not do this under economic pressure. If kidney donation saves someone’s life then it certainly should be done but we should not overlook the impacts on life of donor after the transplantation. Selling a kidney to a totally unknown person should be allowed only after the certain examination. I am not talking about the health check-up here, it is important too but it is obvious. Some agency should make sure that the donor is not doing this under the financial pressure. In the Medical Ethics Advisor magazine (2010) it is quoted that, “from the point of view of coercion that we would want that donor making that donation voluntarily and not feeling pressure”(p. 3). Hence the donor should be interviewed by psychiatrist or by a nurse before making a donation. What I am basically trying to prove is organ selling should not be done as a business. If the donor will set the price and sell the organs then a case like kidney brokering may arise where a middle man will meet the donor and receiver and make a commission out of it and the whole kidney donation thing will be a simple business. She mentioned in the article that the willing donor should be allowed to charge for their organs (p. 430). This is the main reason why it is illegalized so that it will not be the source of income. People started selling organ on the black market, but if something goes wrong they are out of luck. They are the one to pay for everything and they cannot go to...
References: Chapman, J. (2010, October). Is it ever right to buy or sell human organs. New Internationalist,436,36-38. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database: http://ebscohost.com
Cohen, R. (2006). Organ sales: Compromising ethics. Journal of Kidney International,70(3), 608. doi: 10.1038/sj.ki.5001659
Hypertrophy. (2011), In Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete: http://ebscohost.com
Kotz, D. (2012). Women sell their eggs, so why not a kidney? In K, A. Ackley (Ed.), Perspectives on contemporary issues (pp.429-430). Boston: Wadsworth Cengage.
Moniruzzaman M. (2010, January). Organ sellers suffer in many developing countries. Medical Ethics Advisor, 26(1) 4-6. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database: http://ebscohost.com
Russian doctors charged with organ stealing. (2006). Journal of Mere Christianity, 19(5), 51. . Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database: http://ebscohost.com
U.S. law is clear, but ethical issues abound in organ transplantation centers. (2010, January). Medical Ethics Advisor, 26(1), 1-4. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database: http://ebscohost.com
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