ENG 220 Week 5 Essay

Topics: Concussion, Traumatic brain injury, Post-concussion syndrome Pages: 5 (934 words) Published: April 19, 2015
Concussions in Sports
Tony Smith
ENG/220
1 April 2015
STEVEN RYAN

Athletes across the nation all suffer from the same common injury. Concussions have serious side affects and will end any star's career quickly. Everyday athletes face being at the top of their game and then suffer a career ending injury. Today, concussions is a serious threat across the board in the world of sports. Concussion cases have risen in the sports of Football and Hockey. Medical sports experts are doing their best to understand this growing issue. Understanding the role concussions play in professional hockey, the league can help prevent these injuries. Looking at symptoms, injuries, and side effects of concussions will help understand these conditions.             Hockey is a great and fun sport of speed and strength. The changing in size and strength of players today, Concussions are going to happen more often. Concussions have a wide variety of conditions and symptoms. “A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that alter the way your brain functions” (Staff, Mayo Clinic). Hockey games cause severe collisions that sometimes result in head injuries.“Although concussions usually are caused by a blow to the head, they can also occur when the head and upper body are violently shaken. These injuries cause a loss of consciousness, but some concussions do not cause loss of consciousness. Because of this, some people have concussions and don't realize it” (Staff, Mayo Clinic). Concussions are common in almost every contact sport. According to the Mayo Clinic, all forms of concussions impair your brain in some fashion. These injuries always take time to heal. “After a concussion, the levels of brain chemicals are altered. It usually takes about a week for these levels to stabilize again. However, recovery time is variable, and it's important for athletes never to return to sports while they're still experiencing signs and symptoms of concussion”(Staff, Mayo Clinic). The time frame for these injuries varies from patient to patient. Concussions symptoms are one part to analyze and evaluate to determine their affects on the game of hockey.             Following the initial symptoms and injury from a concussion are usually side effects. “Effects are usually temporary, but can include problems with headache, concentration, memory, judgment, balance, and coordination” (Staff, Mayo Clinic). These most frequent side effects and often end once the recovery process has occurred. “Every concussion injures your brain to some extent. This injury needs time and rest in order to heal properly” (Staff, Mayo Clinic). While recovery typically relieves the conflicted player or patient, it is in professional sports where concussions may hold a more permanent effect. “Post-Concussion Syndrome is a complex disorder in which a variable combination of symptoms such as headaches and dizziness last for weeks and sometimes months after the injury that caused the concussion” (Staff, Mayo Clinic). This author’s favorite player Sidney Crosby, Captain of the Pittsburgh Penguins (of the NHL), suffered a concussion early into the 2011 hockey season, the young hockey phenom only played in nine games since returning from the concussion injury. The main reoccurring injury that athletes face is post-Concussion syndrome. “In most people, post-concussion syndrome symptoms occur within the first seven to 10 days and go always within three months, though they can persist for a year or more” (Staff, Mayo Clinic). Concussions are often serious injuries however; the side effects and post-concussion syndrome are the leading cause for NHL player’s struggles.             With NHL players increasingly suffering Concussion's, what is the league doing to fix this problem? Recently the University of Calgary conducted a study on concussions in the NHL. “Conducted over seven National Hockey League seasons and led by sports medicine...

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ESPN.com. "Timeline: Sidney Crosby 's concussion." ESPN. ESPN Internet Ventures, 13 Jan. 2012. Web. 22 May 2012.
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