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Topics: Scientific method, Research, Academic publishing Pages: 11 (3573 words) Published: June 18, 2013
Research Methods Literature Review

Introduction

The previous three literature reviews examine the concept of organization in the areas of knowledge organization theory, published research in knowledge organization in libraries, and personal information management. From these three reviews, a few points can be concluded. First, it can be concluded that organization is both a conception issue as well as a practice one. Second, research on and questions about organization can occur in a variety of subject domains. And lastly, that organization plays a vital role in information science and libraries. These Conclusions contribute to organization being a rich area for future observation and research. The purpose of this current literature review section is to examine the multitude of research methods that have occurred in the literature that was examined in the three previous reviews Introduced earlier. The result of this examination will be to determine the best methods for researching personal organization practices of research scientists in comparison to traditional knowledge organization schemes used in libraries. This determination will, in turn, inform my approach for the dissertation research I pursue. To reach this result the following literature review begins with an examination of research methods used to study knowledge organization theory. Next, the focus of the piece changes to discuss the methods used in knowledge organization research. After analysing knowledge organization, research in personal information management will be examined. Discussion then turns to the limitations of the research methods being conducted in these three areas. Lastly, this literature will evaluate the effectiveness of all these methods and suggest the most successful method for evaluating scientific personal organization practices in comparison to traditional knowledge organization schemes found in libraries. The terms used to describe methods in this literature review come from the works of Pickard (2007), Powell (1991), and Bush and Harter (1980). Definition, Purpose, and Scope

The Review of related literature involves the systematic identification, location, and analysis of documents containing information related to the research problem. The term is also used to describe the written component of a research plan or report that discusses the reviewed documents. These documents can include articles, abstracts, reviews, monographs, dissertations, other research reports, and electronic media. The literature review has several important purposes that make it well worth the time and effort. The major purpose of reviewing the literature is to determine what has already been done that relates to your topic, This knowledge not only prevents you from unintentionally duplicating another person’s research, it also gives you the understanding and insight you need to place your topic within a logical frame. Put simply, the review tells you what has been done and what needs to be done. Previous studies can provide the rationale for your research hypothesis, and indications of what to be done can help you justify the significance of your study. Another important purpose of reviewing the literature is to discover research strategies and specific data collection approaches that have or have not been productive in investigations of topics similar to yours. This information will help you avoid other researchers’ mistakes and profit from their experiences. It may suggest approaches and procedures that you previously had not considered. For example, suppose your topic involved the comparative effects of a brand-new experimental method versus the traditional method on the achievement of eighth-grade science students. The review of literature might reveal 10 related studies that found no differences in achievement. Several of the studies,...

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