Energy systems

Better Essays
Energy systems
Creatine Phosphate system
The creatine phosphate system is an immediate energy system. ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is created without the presence of oxygen for short, fast bursts of power and energy. This is the first system used when performing any sporting activity. However this short burst of energy only lasts for a short moment in time for round about 10 seconds. Running events like the 100 meters sprint would be an example of using the creatine phosphate system. During the creatine phosphate process, the phosphate from the ATP splits and the energy is released into the muscle. This is caused by an enzyme called creatine kinase. ADP is the result of this chemical reaction (adenosine di-phosphate). The resulting energy is used to regenerate ATP from ADP and another free phosphate.
Lactic Acid System
Like the creatine phosphate system, the lactic acid system also is a short term and high intensity energy system. Glycogen which is stored in your muscles is broken down into glucose to be used as an energy source for the contractions in the muscles. ATP plays a role in this system as well as it converts the glycogen into glucose. This specific energy system is an example of anaerobic respiration as it does not require oxygen like the creatine phosphate system. When the ATP-PCr system fades after 10 seconds, the lactic acid system is introduced. Anaerobic glycolysis then occurs which sees glycogen being broken down and lactic acid being formed as a bi-product. The lactic acid is then diffused into the muscle tissues which make them feel fatigued. This energy system usually lasts for 3 minutes. At this point your muscles would feel very fatigued and you wouldn’t be able to carry on performing the activity.
Aerobic System
Unlike the previous two energy systems, the aerobic energy system is used over the course of longer and less intense exercises. This energy system requires oxygen to break down glycogen and fatty acids in large amounts to

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    energy systems

    • 1073 Words
    • 5 Pages

    In the 5000m race the runner must use all 3 energy systems , which are ATP, aerobic and lactic acid systems to succeed as the race has different areas needed for their use, all 3 energy systems contribute regardless of the intensity or duration of the exercise. When the athlete comes to the starting line he/she most probably will want to make a dashing start to the race to tactically get a good starting position, so must get off the line, in the first 40-50m, as hard as he or she can. By getting…

    • 1073 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Energy Systems

    • 2312 Words
    • 10 Pages

    large amounts of energy in three different ways. The ATP/CP system, anaerobic system and the Aerobic system all combine during periods of exercise to allow our bodies to continue exercise or playing sport. Most sports have a major system which takes up the bulk of the energy production during the activity and the timing in switching from one to another. This plays a major role in success in the playing arena. In a sport such as Australian Rules football it is important that the systems can switch back…

    • 2312 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Energy Systems

    • 1097 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Energy Systems Our body needs a supply of energy to complete day to day tasks and to simply be able to move. We have more than one energy system, we have 3 in total and these are * ATP (anaerobic) * Lactic acid (anaerobic) * Aerobic (aerobic) All three off these energy systems are fuelled by the same chemical called ADP-PC. These systems produce this chemical at different speeds, for example the ATP system produces the chemical very fast as for the aerobic energy system produces it…

    • 1097 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    ENERGY SYSTEMS

    • 1038 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Discuss and compare the relevance to the three energy systems for the sport of your choice, explain the details of each system? The body has only one unsuitable form of energy, this is known as ATP. ATP releases energy when broken down and is essential to the flow of energy to living cells. It can be re synthesized through a possible three energy systems; ATP-PC system, the glycolytic Lactic Acid system and the aerobic system. My chosen sport is trampolining the main performance in trampolining…

    • 1038 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Energy Systems

    • 639 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Energy Systems Assignment By Thysje Fartlek Training Before we started the fartlek training, our bodies were using the aerobic system and bi-products of this system are carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O). Our heart rate (HR) was low, 60-70 beats a minute, and our breathing rate (BR) was slow and deep, 1 breathe about every 6 seconds. The demand for fuel was low because we didn't need to supply the muscles in our body quickly. Once we started walking, the demand for fuel increased but only…

    • 639 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Energy Storage Systems

    • 3830 Words
    • 16 Pages

    to have an ever-increasing need for more energy. Both households and industries require large amounts of power. At the same time our means of production face new problems. International treaties aim to limit the levels of pollution, global warming prompts action to reduce the output of carbon dioxide and several countries have decided to decommission old nuclear power plants and not build new ones. Such development brings about the need to replace old energy production methods with new ones. While…

    • 3830 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Atp Energy System

    • 969 Words
    • 4 Pages

    the three energy systems that are responsible for the production of ATP. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the immediately usable form of chemical energy use for muscular activity. It is stored in most cells, especially muscle cells. Other forms of chemical energy, such as that available from foods we eat must be transforming into ATP before they can be utilized by muscle cells . Human body cells generated ATP by three methods which are: I. ATP-PC system II. Glycolytic system III. Oxidative…

    • 969 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Energy System In Football

    • 1580 Words
    • 7 Pages

    is believed that all three energy systems are used: aerobic, ATP-PC and lactic acid. Here is the data that each system contributes to performance in soccer: • ATP-PC= 60% • Lactic Acid= 20% • Aerobic= 20% (Mathews 1974) Centre backs are required to have the following components of fitness: Component of fitness Definition Example Cardiovascular endurance “body’s ability to continue exertion while getting energy from the aerobic system used to supply the body with energy” (Lemouse 2014) Being able…

    • 1580 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    HNC Energy Systems

    • 1261 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Outcome 6 Energy SystemsExplain when he would require the different systems and explain why. Middle distance runners can handle an unbelievable range of metabolic stress. The three energy systems that an athlete would use during a 1500 metre race are; 1: ATP-PC System (anaerobic); 2: Lactic Acid System (anaerobic glycolysis); 3: Aerobic System (oxidative system). The ATP-PC System (anaerobic) is used during short bursts of activity during the race. This could be at the start of the race and more…

    • 1261 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    Touch & the Energy Systems

    • 1445 Words
    • 6 Pages

    11 Physical Education Unit 2, 2012 - Touch & the Energy Systems Inocentes, Steven 11 Physical Education Unit 2, 2012 - Touch & the Energy Systems Inocentes, Steven Table of Contents 1.0 Introduction____________________________________________________2 2.0 Energy Systems used in touch______________________________________2 3.1 Fatigue and Performance during Touch________________________3 3.0 Recommendations – Tactics / Strategies_____________________________3…

    • 1445 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Best Essays