Why do energy policies differ from country to country?
Energy policies, the manner in which a governments decides to address issues of energy development including energy production, distribution and consumption, are different in every country around the globe. This is mainly due to economic development, population size, geographical location and many other factors for example in the UK, as gas imports will rise in the future, the government has imposed a policy of trying to encourage the development of remaining reserves in the North Sea. Mali however is a land locked country situated in Africa which has no fossil fuel resources, so the policies are going to be vastly different to the UK in terms of the production and consumption of energy. Economic development sees the increase in GDP over time which means an increase in energy consumption in that country. India for example has doubled its electricity consumption since 1990 as its economic development means it can afford to buy the energy and provide the energy for millions of people. As the economy grows, so does transport – cars, buses and other means of transport result in more fossil fuels being used up like oil. Moreover, the growth of the economy means there are many more power stations being built and used, contributing again to the level of pollution – this just shows that there is a positive relationship between the consumption of energy and economic development. Due to rapid economic expansion, India has one of the world's fastest growing energy markets and is expected to be the second-largest contributor to the increase in global energy demand by 2035, accounting for 18% of the rise in global energy consumption. Therefore India's strategy is the encouragement of the development of renewable sources such as wind farms, and solar energy. Despite having slower growth, the UK is at a further point in the DTM than India meaning the policies will differ – the UK is now trying to maintain reliable energy...
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