There are a number of augments in favor of the diversification of energy sources in Australia. Using alternative sources of energy of the dependency on fossil fuel such as coal may reduce the greenhouse gas emission impact on the environment. Nicholls (2009) speculates that using clean energy that depends on natural wind, sun and geothermal in not only practical and has economical advantages but it also may be able to reduce the CO2 emission to 50% by 2040. In addition, sustainable energy is not only essential for Australians economic and ecosystem, in fact it is crucial solution to the worldwide environmental crisis such as climate change which is strongly linked to the ongoing development that is based on fossil fuel. Nicholls (2009) asserts that green and sustainable energy must be supported globally especially by industrialized countries.
There are, however, some valid arguments against diversification. Coal is considered as a main source of energy in Australia it is largely available and it meets the national demands. Australia is also exporting black coal to other countries, which also contributes to the economy. Sinclair (2009) states that the experts estimate that Australian has a sufficient amount of black coal that will meet the national demand till the 21 century and beyond. He also asserts that replacing such a primary energy sources like coal would damage the Australian economy. In addition, the advanced technology today has decreased the negative impact of coal on the environment. The Australian coal Association (2011) mentions new technology called (CCD) that can be a solution to the greenhouse gas emission by capturing carbon and storing it safely underground.
In conclusion, there are important arguments both for and against the case for pursuing diversification of energy sources in Australia. Although Australian economy is depending on fossil fuel energy, it has also many disadvantages on the environment.to solve this problem a future...
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