ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS

Topics: Heat, HVAC, Temperature Pages: 159 (33309 words) Published: November 7, 2013
The Advice Series is a series of illustrated booklets published by the Architectural Heritage Advisory Unit of the Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government. The booklets are designed to guide those responsible for historic buildings on how best to repair and maintain their properties.

advice series

roofs

A GUIDE TO THE REPAIR OF HISTORIC ROOFS

advice series

iron

THE REPAIR OF WROUGHT AND CAST IRONWORK

advice series

advice series

bricks

windows
A GUIDE TO THE REPAIR OF HISTORIC WINDOWS

advice series

ruins

THE CONSERVATION AND REPAIR OF MASONRY RUINS

A GUIDE TO THE REPAIR OF HISTORIC BRICKWORK

advice series

maintenance
A GUIDE TO THE CARE OF OLDER BUILDINGS

Understanding how a traditionally built building works and how to maximise the levels of comfort for its occupants
Choosing the most effective and cost-effective options for
improving energy efficiency
Keeping a historic building in good health

© Government of Ireland 2010
Price a10

ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN TRADITIONAL BUILDINGS

Traditionally b uilt buildings pe rform differently fr om modern construction in the w ay they de al with da mp and atmo spheric moistu re, and misguided wo rks ai med at improvin g their thermal efficie ncy can have da maging consequen ces. This guide will help you to m ake the rig ht decisions on how to increase the comfort and reduce the energy u se of your histo ric buildin g by giving advice on:

Avoiding damage to the building by inappropriate works

advice series

energy
IN TRADITIONAL BUILDINGS

energy
IN TRADITIONAL BUILDINGS

DUBLIN
PUBLISHED BY THE STATIONERY OFFICE
To be purchased directly from:
Government Publications Sales Office
Sun Alliance House
Molesworth Street
Dublin 2
or by mail order from:
Government Publications
Postal Trade Section
Unit 20 Lakeside Retail Park
Claremorris
Co. Mayo
Tel: 01 - 6476834/37 or 1890 213434; Fax: 01 - 6476843 or 094 - 9378964 or through any bookseller

© Government of Ireland 2010
ISBN 978-1-4064-2444-7
All or part of this publication may be reproduced without further permission provided the source is acknowledged. The Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government and the authors accept no liability for any loss or damage resulting from reliance on the advice contained in this booklet Text and drawings by: Paul Arnold Architects

Contributors: Energy Research Group UCD
All images are by the authors or DoEHLG, except where otherwise stated Series Editor: Jacqui Donnelly
Design: Bennis Design

ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN TRADITIONAL BUILDINGS

Contents
INTRODUCTION

4

1. CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABILITY

5

What is a ‘traditional’ building?

5

Embodied energy and whole-life costing

7

2. UNDERSTANDING THE BUILDING

10

The effects of climate

10

Planning for warmth

13

Building use

15

Heat loss from buildings

16

Heat transfer through building materials

16

Thermal bridging

18

Ventilation and indoor air quality

18

Thermal mass

20

Assessment methods

22

Building Energy Rating (BER) and traditional buildings

23

3. UPGRADING THE BUILDING

26

Building management

26

Building condition

26

Preliminaries to upgrading

27

Products and materials

27

Reducing draughts

29

Roofs

29

Walls

35

Windows, doors and rooflights

39

Floors

46

Services

48

4. CASE STUDIES

54

A Regency house in the city

54

A detached country house

56

A pair of rural cottages

58

A converted stable yard

59

A mixed-use building in a town

60

Living over the shop

62

A converted Georgian townhouse

64

Places of worship

65

GLOSSARY

72

3

ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN TRADITIONAL BUILDINGS

Introduction
It is Government policy to reduce energy use and
carbon dioxide emissions from the burning of fossil
fuels. The European...
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