energy crises

Topics: Energy development, Nuclear power, Electricity generation Pages: 18 (5156 words) Published: May 3, 2014

“ENERGY CRISIS”
CONTENT:
INTRODUCTION:
2. Pakistan’s Energy Sector
A: Energy Supply
B: Energy Consumption
C Sources of Energy in Pakistan
3 Non-renewable resources (Fossil fuels)
      A: Petroleum products
B: Natural Gas 
C: Coal
4 Renewable Resources 
a: Hydro power
  Current Hydropower stations
 Potential Hydropower stations
5 Alternative Energy Sources 
A: Wind
 B: Solar 
 C: Agricultural biomass /biodiesel
 D: Tidal
6 Causes of Energy Crisis
A: Growing Energy Demand
B: Lack of proactive and integrated planning for production of energy C: Imbalanced energy mix
D: Non-utilization of enormous indigenous energy resources  a). Thar Coal
b). Hydal power generation
7. Consequences of Energy Crisis
A: Economic Factors 
B: Agriculture Sector
C: Industrial Sector
D: Unemployment
E: Social Issues
F: Poverty
8 Conclusions
8a Recommendation/Solutions of Energy Crisis
A: Judicious energy use/saving unnecessary energy usage B: Electricity saving devices
C:  Awareness campaign for energy saving
 D: Reduction in unnecessary transportations
   E: Installation of effective equipment/energy efficient in industries F: Decreasing line/transmission losses
“DEFINITION OF ENERGY CRISIS”
“An energy crisis is any great shortfall (or price rise) in the supply of energy resources to an economy. It usually refers to the shortage of oil and additionally to electricity or other natural resources.” “An energy crisis is any great bottleneck (or price rise) in the supply of energy resources to an economy. In popular literature though, it often refers to one of the energy sources used at a certain time and place, particularly those that supply national electricity grids or serve as fuel for vehicles.” The crisis often has effects on the rest of the economy, with many recessions being caused by an energy crisis in some form. In particular, the production costs of electricity rise, which raises manufacturing. INTRODUCTION Pakistan has been facing an unprecedented energy crisis since the last few years. The problem becomes more severe during summers. However, this winter was no different. During the peak crisis there was a power outage of 3-4 hours every day. Those without generators and UPS faced tremendous problems. The prices of both continued to increase due to a sharp increase in their demand. Almost two years ago the then WAPDA chairman who happens to be a caretaker minister admitted that WAPDA cannot meet the current demand for electricity. It’s surprising that such a senior and experienced person took so long to find this out. On top of that the government which talked about Pakistan’s supposedly booming economy failed to understand the gravity of the situation. General Musharraf (R) after becoming Chief Executive used to talk about building dams especially Kalabagh Dam. This was one of the many promises he failed to keep. Even after that very few power plants have been set up to meet the demand for electricity. During the second government of Benazir some independent power plants were set up. Had they not been setup then we would have had a much bigger crisis with life almost coming to a standstill. I come from the software industry which has been badly hit by the present power crisis. On an average the generator at my office is on for three hours. Our work is not much affected but overall the company’s operating expenses have increased. The policy makers of Pakistan have so far failed to understand one thing. They do talk about making dams and setting up nuclear power plants but why do they not understand the importance and benefits of alternate energy sources such as solar, windmill energy etc. They are cheap and quick methods for producing electricity. Pakistan is a very blessed country because solar energy is available in most cities all year...
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