Energy and A. Homeostasis. B.

Topics: Energy, Species, Conservation of energy Pages: 89 (10444 words) Published: October 22, 2013
Practice Exam for APEs Chapters 1,2,3,4,5,6,8 &28

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____1.A person who is primarily interested in the establishment of new wilderness areas would be considered a(n) a.
ecologist.
b.
preservationist.
c.
restorationist.
d.
conservationist.

____2.Natural capital includes all of the following except a.
sunlight.
b.
air.
c.
water.
d.
soil.

____3.All of the following illustrate exponential growth except a.
the king who promised to double the number of grains of wheat he put on each successive square of a checkerboard. b.
human population growth.
c.
driving 10 mph for one minute; then 20 mph for one minute; then 30 mph for one minute; then 40 mph for one minute. d.
money in a savings account.

____4.Which of the following would be considered a very high rate of annual exponential growth? a.
5%
b.
3%
c.
1%
d.
0.5%

____5.Which of the following generalizations about developing countries is true? a.
They make up about one-tenth of the world's population.
b.
They have high average GNPs per person.
c.
They include the United States, Canada, Japan, the former Soviet Union, and European countries. d.
They use about 12% of the world's resources.

____6.Since 1970, the gap between rich and poor, as measured by GNP per capita, has a.
decreased, then increased since 1980.
b.
increased, then substantially decreased since 1980.
c.
increased, then substantially increased since 1980.
d.
decreased, then substantially decreased since 1980.

____7.What is globalization?
a.
ability to travel worldwide
b.
new term for mass immigration
c.
world-wide integration of social, economic, and environmental change d.
a satellite communications system

____8.Sustainable development can be distinguished from economic development by its emphasis on a.
meeting the needs of people.
b.
intergenerational equity.
c.
use of economic systems and earth's resources.
d.
setting limits on human population growth.

____9.A resource that is too expensive to extract is said to be a.
perpetual.
b.
economically depleted.
c.
ecologically depleted.
d.
environmentally depleted.

____10.Which of the following is a non-metallic mineral resource? a.
sand.
b.
soil.
c.
oil.
d.
water.

____11.Which of the following statements best illustrates the tragedy of the commons? a.
A factory pollutes a river as much as the law allows.
b.
Some levels of pollution are life threatening.
c.
Some activities harm the environment, but others do not.
d.
Irrigated cropland can be ruined by salinization.

____12.On the outskirts of a municipality lies a forest on public property. A person applying the precautionary principle might suggest a.
clear-cutting the forest to provide taxes for the town.
b.
converting the natural woods to tree farms.
c.
harvesting trees at their estimated sustainable yield.
d.
harvesting trees below their estimated sustainable yield.

____13.All nonrenewable resources can theoretically be
a.
converted to nonmetallic minerals.
b.
converted to renewable ones.
c.
exhausted or depleted.
d.
recycled or reused.

____14.When a resource is economically depleted, we can
a.
recycle or reuse existing supplies.
b.
waste less.
c.
develop substitutes.
d.
all of these answers.

____15.Which of the following is an example of recycling?
a.
collecting and remelting aluminum beer cans
b.
cleaning and refilling soft-drink bottles
c.
selling used clothing at a garage sale
d.
saving leftovers in a peanut butter jar

____16.Effects of pollution might include
a.
being unable to see the top of skyscrapers because of the smog. b.
acid rain-induced destruction of a statue in your city park. c.
spread of disease from an open dump.
d.
all of these answers.

____17.Point sources of pollution include all...
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