October 13, 2013
Terrorist Attack and the Changes in Airport Security
The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, have forever changed the security measures taken at all airport/ airlines across America. The tragedy that unfolded on this day, called for improvement of our airport security. Following the September 11th terrorist attacks, new policies, procedures, management, and tightened airport/airline security were put into place.
Prior to the September 11th attacks, airports/ airlines in the United States were operating on private security systems. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), airport and airlines shared the burden, of providing security for air travel. Commercial Airports should have provided adequate police force, restricted access to secure areas, along with keeping all of the airport perimeters safe and sound. Paul Seidenstat states “Some airport authorities contracted with private security firms, whereas others operated their own security or used regular police forces” (275). The Commercial airlines were responsible for screening all airplanes, baggage, travelers and cargo that would be boarding for travel. This includes passenger and all belongings going through an x- ray machine called a magnometer. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) was responsible for all airport security measures and guidelines. They were not up to par on requiring new screening equipment for the airports. The FAA put into place policy and procedures for the safety of airport, airlines and passengers safety during air travel. Due to
The weakness of the security that was put in place at the time, Americans suffered the most horrific acts of terrorism on American soil.
The morning of September 11th will forever be remembered. The loss of American lives was catastrophic. A series of four coordinated terrorist attacks were leashed upon the American people by the Islamic terrorist group al-Queda. They had found the weakness within our airport security. Four passenger airliners were hijacked and flown into buildings in suicide attacks. American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175 were flown into the South towers of the World Trade Center, in New York City. The third plane, American Airlines Flight 77, was crashed into the Pentagon. The last plane hijacked was United Airlines Flight 93; it was targeted at Washington D.C., but crashed into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania. The passengers of that flight tried to overtake the hijackers and caused the plane to not make its intended target. The destruction of the World Trade Center known as the Twin Towers and other properties caused serious damage to the economy and had a significant effect on global markets.
Who is to blame for the faulty security measures that were put into place at the time of 9/11? Well there are many faults one could say it was the lack of attention given by the FAA. The airport and airlines security was underfunded: Which according to Paul Seidenstat “The weakness of the security system involving the three partners, the FAA, the airlines, and the airports, made for conditions that would have made it difficult to prevent the hijackings of September 11th” (277). Seidenstat emphasizes that a weakly designed and mismanaged security system, lack of communication, and unclear rules and regulations played a role in creating a faulty air transportation security system.
The three partners, the FAA, the airlines, and the airports are revising terminal projects as security is priority. This comes at some cost to the American people. The changes included a new
Upgraded security system throughout airports in America. The biggest change is the Federal Government taking over the whole system of airport security. The Aviation and Transportation Act of 2001 was put into place and the TSA was established. The FAA would...
Cited: Seidenstat, P. “Terrorism, Airport Security, and the Private Sector.” Review Of
Policy Research, 21(3), 275-291. (2004) doi:10.1000/j.1541-1338.2004.00075.x
Johnson, Van R. “Terrorism and Transportation Security.” Review of Policy
Research, Volume 21(3), 255-261. (2004)
Nath, Amala “Terrorism and Transportation Security.” Review of Policy
Research, Volume 21(3), 255-261. (2004)
Ott, James “Tight Security Compels Airport Design Shakeup.” Aviation Week & Space Technology,
00052175, Volume 156, Issue 7. (2002)
Please join StudyMode to read the full document